TITLE

The effect of protamine on the epicardial microflow and the graft flow in open-heart surgery

AUTHOR(S)
Belboul, A.; Al-Khaja, N.
PUB. DATE
March 1997
SOURCE
Perfusion;1997, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p99
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
To evaluate the effect of coronary revascularization on myocardial perfusion and surgical outcome regarding graft flow, we used laser Doppler flowmetry to assess the epicardial microcirculation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or valve replacement (VR) and electromagnetic flowmetry to measure graft flow in the CABG group. In the CABG group, the preoperative mean laser Doppler flow rate (LDF) in the epicardium of the left ventricle significantly increased at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) (22 ± 7 arbitrary units (AU) to 60 ± 13 AU, p < 0.001). This value further increased 10 min after protamine infusion (66 ± 14 AU, p < 0.01), but was significantly reduced 30 min later (51 ± 14 AU, p < 0.002). Compared to the post-CPB value (34 ± 10 ml/min) before protamine infusion, the mean graft flow (ml/min) to this area significantly increased 10 min after protamine infusion (41.3 ± 10 ml/min, p < 0.001) but significantly decreased 30 min later (29 ± 9 ml/min, p < 0.001). The preoperative mean LDF in the VR group was significantly higher than in the CABG group (p < 0.01). In the CABG group, there was a positive correlation between the LDF and graft flow at the end of CPB (r = 0.788) and 10 (r = 0.767) and 30 (r = 0.784) min after protamine infusion. This study shows that coronary bypass grafting increases the myocardial microcirculation which, together with graft flow. could give an early indication of the effect of surgery on myocardial microcirculation. Furthermore, protamine was found to be one of the factors contributing to graft flow reduction postoperatively and, therefore, newer methods of heparin reversal may be desirable.
ACCESSION #
7392837

 

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics