TITLE

Alterations of the cytokine network in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass

AUTHOR(S)
Sablotzki, A.; Dehne, M.; Welters, I.; Menges, T.; Lehmann, N.; Gorlach, G.; Osmer, C.; Hempelmann, G.
PUB. DATE
December 1997
SOURCE
Perfusion;1997, Vol. 12 Issue 6, p393
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Cardiovascular surgery using extracorporeal circulation causes a systemic inflammatory response which often results in severe organ dysfunction and increased postoperative mortality. Advances in knowledge about the interactions of cytokines involved in the response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may improve the outcome of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The purpose of our study was to investigate the fluctuations in cytokine production, during and after CPB. In 24 patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting, plasma levels of interleukins IL-2, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-12, soluble IL-2-receptor (sIL-2R), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF- beta) were measured at eight time points before, during and after CPB, using a standardized enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay technique. There was a significant increase in plasma levels of IL-10, IL-6 and TGF-beta after weaning off CPB. The IL-2 plasma levels decreased after the onset of CPB until 24 h postoperatively (p < 0.05). Concentrations of sIL-2R decreased 20 min after the start of CPB until the end of the operation (p < 0.05). In the postoperative course, sIL-2R levels increased, with peak values 48 h after the end of the surgical procedure. The IL-12 levels decreased after weaning off CPB (p < 0.05) until 6 h postoperatively. The results of our study demonstrate an intraoperative-predominant immunosuppression, followed by an early postoperative immunological activation, combined with a distinct acute phase response.
ACCESSION #
7392815

 

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