Quantitative evaluation of flow patterns in perfusion cannulae by a new magnetic resonance imaging method

Ringgaard, S.; Madsen, T.; Pedersen, E.M.; Stodkilde-Jorgensen, H.; Nygaard, H.; Hasenkam, J.M.
December 1997
Perfusion;1997, Vol. 12 Issue 6, p411
Academic Journal
The arterial cannula is a critical part of any extracorporeal circulation system due to the high flow rates which must pass a small cross-sectional area, resulting in high blood velocities. The aim of this study was to examine whether high-field magnetic resonance scanning is applicable for detailed mapping of velocity fields around the tip of such arterial cannulae in vitro. The investigated cannula was an angled, open- tip traditional design aortic cannula with an internal tip diameter of 5.5 mm. The velocity fields were measured at two different flow rates (2 and 4 l/min) at various positions in the lumen and outside the cannula using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). All three components of the velocity vectors were measured. The study showed that MRI can provide a clear quantitative visualization of the velocity field around the tip of arterial cannulae at lower flow rates. At higher flow rates it can provide information about localization of regions with turbulent or disturbed flow.


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