Diabetic and bariatric surgery: A review of the recent trends

Rao, Raghavendra; Kini, Subhash
April 2012
Surgical Endoscopy;Apr2012, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p893
Academic Journal
Introduction: Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective treatment for diabetes associated with morbid obesity. Methods: A Pubmed search was made for all articles on bariatric surgery and diabetes from 2009 to present (March 2011) in order to identify the recent advances in this field. Herein we review the recent data available on the long-term effects of bariatric surgery on diabetes. We also review the efficacy of gastrointestinal surgery done for diabetic patients having body mass index (BMI) <35 kg/m and also the effect of novel bariatric procedures on diabetes associated with obesity. Finally, the efficacy of bariatric surgery in adolescent diabetes and the recent epidemiological trends of type 2 diabetes are also dealt with briefly. Conclusion: RYGB and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) are effective surgical options for diabetes in the long term (>5 yrs). The efficacy of sleeve gastrectomy on diabetes in the long term is not yet known. Gastrointestinal procedures for non morbidly obese and non obese patients have shown great promise as surgical optional for diabetes, though their efficacy and safety in the long term are unknown. Novel endoscopic techniques and TANTALUS have shown some promise in resolving diabetes in obese patients. Bariatric surgery is very effective is resolving adolescent diabetes.


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