TITLE

Learning transcriptional regulation on a genome scale: a theoretical analysis based on gene expression data

AUTHOR(S)
Wu, Ming; Chan, Christina
PUB. DATE
March 2012
SOURCE
Briefings in Bioinformatics;Mar2012, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p150
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The recent advent of high-throughput microarray data has enabled the global analysis of the transcriptome, driving the development and application of computational approaches to study transcriptional regulation on the genome scale, by reconstructing in silico the regulatory interactions of the gene network. Although there are many in-depth reviews of such ‘reverse-engineering’ methodologies, most have focused on the practical aspect of data mining, and few on the biological problem and the biological relevance of the methodology. Therefore, in this review, from a biological perspective, we used a set of yeast microarray data as a working example, to evaluate the fundamental assumptions implicit in associating transcription factor (TF)–target gene expression levels and estimating TFs’ activity, and further explore cooperative models. Finally we confirm that the detailed transcription mechanism is overly-complex for expression data alone to reveal, nevertheless, future network reconstruction studies could benefit from the incorporation of context-specific information, the modeling of multiple layers of regulation (e.g. micro-RNA), or the development of approaches for context-dependent analysis, to uncover the mechanisms of gene regulation.
ACCESSION #
73599784

 

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