Dynamics of high-temperature plasma formation during laser irradiation of three-dimensionally structured, low-density matter

Gus�kov, S. Yu.; Koshevoi, M. O.; Rozanov, V. B.; Rupasov, A. A.; Shikanov, A. S.; Kas�yanov, Yu. S.
October 1996
JETP Letters;10/10/96, Vol. 64 Issue 7, p502
Academic Journal
Results are presented from an experimental investigation of the properties of the plasma produced by the action of a radiation pulse at the second harmonic of a Nd laser, with average intensity ~5�1014 W/cm2 in the focal spot, on flat targets consisting of porous polypropylene (CH)x with an average density of 0.02 g/cm3 (close to the critical plasma density) and with ~50 �m pores. The properties of the laser plasma obtained with porous and continuous targets are substantially different. The main differences are volume absorption of the laser radiation in the porous material and much larger spatial scales of energy transfer. The experimentally measured longitudinal ablation velocity in the porous material was equal to (1.5-3)�107 cm/s, which corresponds to a mass velocity of (3-6)�105 g/cm2�s, and the transverse (with respect to the direction of the laser beam) propagation velocity of the thermal wave was equal to ~(1-2)�107 cm/s. The spatial dimensions of the plasma plume were ~20-30 �m. The plasma was localized in a 200�400 �m region inside the target. � 1996 American Institute of Physics.


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