Investigating the factors affecting total entrepreneurial activities in Turkey
- NECESSITY AND OPPORTUNITY ENTREPRENEURSHIP: THE MEDIATING EFFECT OF CULTURE. Liñón, Francisco; Fernández-Serrano, José; Romero, Isidoro // Revista de EconomÃa Mundial;2013, Issue 33, p21
This paper studies the mediating role of cultural values in explaining the total entrepreneurial activity (TEA) and the entrepreneurs' motivation -differentiating opportunity versus necessity motives- in countries with different levels of development. Data for 56 countries coming from the Global...
- Causal Relationship between Entrepreneurship Poverty and Income Inequality in Thailand. Yanya, Muhammadsuhaimee // International Journal of Trade, Economics & Finance;Dec2012, Vol. 3 Issue 6, p436
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Report 2007 records that Thailand has a remarkably high entrepreneurial activity, even if compared to Japan or the United States. Many studies, including Schumpeter emphasized the role of entrepreneurship in economic growth and development of a country....
- Entrepreneurial exit and entrepreneurial engagement. Hessels, Jolanda; Grilo, Isabel; Thurik, Roy; Zwan, Peter // Journal of Evolutionary Economics;Aug2011, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p447
This paper investigates whether and how a recent entrepreneurial exit relates to subsequent engagement. We discriminate between six levels of engagement including none, potential, intentional, nascent, young and established entrepreneurship. We use individual-level data for 24 countries that...
- 'Of great concern'. Makholwa, Andile // Finweek;6/10/2010, p11
The article offers the report from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) indicating that South Africa remains among the countries scoring poorly on entrepreneurship development.
- Appendices: GEM and GEDI Index Description of the Applied Pillars and Variables. // Foundations & Trends in Entrepreneurship;2013, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p125
An appendix is presented which compares the Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI) and the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) program used for assessment of economic performance of various entrepreneurial resources.
- Chapter 1: Introduction. Bosma, Niels // Foundations & Trends in Entrepreneurship;2013, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p145
An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various articles within the issue on topics related to Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) project, GEM design, and GEM-based empirical papers published in the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) listed journals.
- Chapter A: GEM Data Processing. Reynolds, Paul D. // Foundations & Trends in Entrepreneurship;2012, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p239
Chapter A of the book "Entrepreneurship in Developing Economies: The Bottom Billions and Business Creation," by Paul D. Reynolds is presented. It explores the processing of annual income on bases of the annual data collected in Global Entrepreneurship Monitor [GEM] program. It highlights the...
- Chapter B: Estimating Annual Income. Reynolds, Paul D. // Foundations & Trends in Entrepreneurship;2012, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p241
Chapter B of the book "Entrepreneurship in Developing Economies: The Bottom Billions and Business Creation," by Paul D. Reynolds is presented. It explores the estimated household personal income on the bases of surveys conducted as a part of Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (Program). It...
- Start-Up Financing in the Age of Globalization. Korosteleva, Julia; Mickiewicz, Tomasz // Emerging Markets Finance & Trade;May/Jun2011, Vol. 47 Issue 3, p23
The authors investigate the determinants of start-up financing in fifty-four countries, using the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) surveys for the years 2001-6. They find that financial liberalization increases the total financial size of the individual start-up entrepreneurial project both...