Characteristic Features of Electron–Ion Collisions in Strong Electric Fields

Balakin, A. A.; Mironov, V. A.; Fraıman, G. M.
June 2001
Plasma Physics Reports;Jun2001, Vol. 27 Issue 6, p462
Academic Journal
The classical motion of an electron in the Coulomb field of an ion and in a uniform external electric field is analyzed. A nondimensionalization method that makes it possible to study electron motion in arbitrarily strong electric fields is proposed. The possible electron trajectories in the plane of motion in a static field are classified. It is noted that, from a practical standpoint, the most interesting trajectories are snakelike trajectories, which are absent in the problem with a weak external field. An adiabatic approximation for transverse electron motions in quasistatic (strong) fields is constructed. A one-dimensional equation of motion is derived that accounts for transverse electron oscillations and the increase in the effective electron mass as an electron approaches an ion. An analytic model is used to calculate the spectra of bremsstrahlung generated by individual electrons. The calculated results are shown to agree well with the results of direct numerical integration of the basic equations. It is predicted that, at frequencies higher than the frequency of the incident light, pronounced peaks can appear in the spectrum of the transverse dipole moment of an electron; as a result, an electron is expected to effectively emit radiation at these frequencies in the direction of the external field. © 2001 MAIK “Nauka / Interperiodica”.


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