Obi B. Egbuna, C. L. R. James and the Birth of Black Power in Britain: Black Radicalism in Britain 1967—72

Bunce, R. E. R.; Field, Paul
September 2011
Twentieth Century British History;Sep2011, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p391
Academic Journal
This article considers the emergence of black power as an ideology and a movement in the UK in the period 1967–72. It argues that two different interpretations of black power appeared immediately after Stokely Carmichael’s appearance at the Dialectics of Liberation conference in London during the summer of 1967. The first, embodied in Obi B. Egbuna’s manifesto for the United Coloured People’s Association, was broadly Marxist–Leninist and separatist in tone; whereas C. L. R. James’s interpretation, set out in his ‘Black Power speech’, looked to a mass movement to bring about change. Through a consideration of agitational material, Home Office documents, and interviews with former members of the British Black Panther Movement, it is clear that the Panthers quickly diverged from the path set out by Egbuna. Indeed, by 1970, under the leadership of Althea Jones-Lecointe, the Panthers were a community-based organization who had rejected separatism and the vanguardist aspect of Leninism. In this sense while the Panthers were not a Jamesian organization there was enough common ground for a collaboration of sorts between James and the British Panthers. This collaboration was facilitated by James’s great-nephew Darcus Howe and coincided with the Mangrove Campaign, the high point of black power’s influence in Britain.


Related Articles

  • Conclusion.  // Caribbean: An Intellectual History;2004, p264 

    The article discusses the economic and political conditions in the Caribbean Area from 1774-2003. It examines the intellectual concepts embodied in the region's political theology from the Old Representative System context to the emergence of the African American nationalism. It also highlights...

  • C. L. R. James, Social Identity, and the Black Rebellion. Duran, Jane // Philosophia Africana;Mar2005, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p1 

    Focuses on the career of C.L.R. James, a black American Marxist theorist. Importance of James' works for the social identity of blacks; James' stance on the situation of the Black American population during the latter part of his lifetime.

  • THE CARIBBEAN, CRICKET AND C.L.R. JAMES. Beckles, Hilary McD. // NACLA Report on the Americas;Mar/Apr2004, Vol. 37 Issue 5, p19 

    Discusses the contributions of Trinidadian Marxist critic C.L.R. James to the Caribbean cricket culture. Social significance of cricket in the Caribbean; Views of James on the link between cricket and national consciousness; Effect of the political project of nation building on cricket culture;...

  • C.L.R. James. McLemee, Scott // American Visions;Apr/May96, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p20 

    Profiles Cyril Lionel Robert James as a liberator of the black people from the apartheid system. Information on the books on politics written by James; Political organizations James joined; Books written by James about the game of cricket. INSET: A bookshelf on C.L.R. James..

  • C.L.R. JAMES, VANITY FAIR AND THE AUDIENCE. Smith, Andrew // New Formations;Fall2011, Issue 73, p11 

    This essay considers what we can learn about the role of the audience or the reader from the work of C.L.R. James. Beginning with a brief consideration of James' theorisation of audiences, it moves on to discuss his own reading practice and, in particular, his relationship to Thackeray's Vanity...

  • Cricket and Beyond: The Career of C. L. R. James . Anderson, Jervis // American Scholar;Summer85, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p345 

    Profiles C.L.R. James, a Trinidadian cricket player. Career accomplishments; Preface in James' book 'The Black Jacobians'; Other books written by James.

  • The people, yes, or the people, no: Decisive moments in the work of James, Kincaid and Mais. Buckeye, Robert // Caribbean Studies;Jul-Dec94, Vol. 27 Issue 3/4, p412 

    Discusses the works of novelists C.L.R. James, Jamaica Kincaid and Roger Mais in regard to the relationship between the writer and the masses. Modernism's elitist and populist sides; West Indian life and culture in James' book `Minty Alley'; Kincaid's claim to identity in her book `At the...

  • World Cup Cricket and Caribbean Aspirations: From Nello to Mello. Horne, John // NACLA Report on the Americas;Jul/Aug2007, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p10 

    The article reviews the book "Beyond a Boundary," by C. L. R. James.

  • The Refusal of Work: From the Postemancipation Caribbean to Post-Fordist Empire. Taylor, Christopher // Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism;Jul2014, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p1 

    An essay is presented on the refusal of work in the Caribbean Area. It explores the history of the Caribbean and its postwork forms of life and the epistemologies and practices of antiwork Marxism. It highlights the connection between the formation of the radical Italian Marxism and the work of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics