TITLE

Characterization of the rRNA Genes of Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Anaplasma phagocytophila

AUTHOR(S)
Massung, Robert F.; Lee, Kemba; Mauel, Michael; Gusa, Asiya
PUB. DATE
August 2002
SOURCE
DNA & Cell Biology;Aug2002, Vol. 21 Issue 8, p587
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The rRNA genes of Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Anaplasma phagocytophila have been analyzed. The 16S rRNA genes were previously characterized for both of these agents. Southern hybridization was used to show that there are single copies of both the 16S and 23S rRNA genes in the genomes of each organism, and that the 16S rRNA genes were upstream from the 23S rRNA genes by at least 16 and 11 Kb for E. chaffeensis and A. phagocytophila, respectively. PCR amplification and gene walking was used to sequence the 23S and 5S rRNA genes, and show that these genes are contiguous and are likely expressed as a single operon. The level of homology between the E. chaffeensis and A. phagocytophila 23S and 5S rRNA genes, and 23S-5S spacers, was 91.8, 81.5, and 40%, respectively. To confirm the hybridization data, genome walking was used to sequence downstream of the 16S rRNA genes, and although no tRNA genes were identified, open reading frames encoding homologues of the Escherichia coli succinate dehydrogenase, subunit C, were found in both E. chaffeensis and A. phagocytophila. Phylogenetic analysis using the 23S rRNA gene suggests that reorganization of the phylum Proteobacteria by division of the class Alphaproteobacteria into two separate subclasses, may be appropriate.
ACCESSION #
7225165

 

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