Factors influencing Healthcare workers' participation in Physical Activity in one public hospital in South Africa: Do healthcare workers have barriers to exercise?

Skaal, L.
December 2011
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation & Dan;Dec2011 Supplement, p812
Academic Journal
The purpose of this study was to determine the factors influencing healthcare workers' participation in physical activity (PA) in South Africa. This was a quantitative, cross-sectional study, with a sample size of 200 healthcare workers (HCWs)(100 Medical, 100 nonmedical staff) from one public tertiary hospital in Pretoria, South Africa. Data were collected using two methods: self-administered questionnaires (demographic characteristics; level of PA; and barriers to exercise) and anthropometric measures (Body weight, height and fitness level). Data were analyzed using SPSS version 17.0. A descriptive statistical method was used to analyze frequencies and chi square test was used to determine level of significance of relationships between different variables and between medical and nonmedical staff. Binary logistic regression was used to determine the association between barriers, attitude, knowledge and PA stages. The majority of staff (73.5%) were overweight! obese, with females being significantly overweight and obese (p<.OS) compared to males. Seventy five percent (75%)of staff were at pre-action stages with more nonmedical staff at pre-action stages compared to medical staff (p<.05) and 81.5% had low fitness level. Eighty three percent (83%) of staff cited lack of motivation and 57% of obese participants misclassified their bodyweight as normal weight. Both barriers and attitude were significant predictors of PA stages of staff (p=0.0l9 and 0.022; Odds ratios of 0.424 and 2.800 respectively) whereas knowledge was not a significant predictor (p0.270; OR = 2.062). However, medical staff had generally good knowledge compared to nonmedical staff (p<.05) but both medical and nonmedical staff had positive attitude towards PA (p<.05). There is high prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity and many barriers exist among healthcare workers which influence their level of physical activity, irrespective of their gender, job categories and age. Employers should seek to eliminate the barriers that discourage use of worksite to increase level of PA.


Related Articles

  • Smoking, physical activity and healthy aging in India. Murray Cramm, Jane; Jinkook Lee // BMC Public Health;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1349 

    Background To identify levels of physical inactivity and smoking and examine their relationships to health among older people in India. Methods In 2010, Longitudinal Aging Study in India researchers interviewed 1,683 older adults in randomly sampled households with members aged ≥ 45 years...

  • Axial Length Measurement Failure Rates with the IOLMaster and Lenstar LS 900 in Eyes with Cataract. McAlinden, Colm; Wang, Qinmei; Pesudovs, Konrad; Yang, Xin; Bao, Fangjun; Yu, Ayong; Lin, Shishi; Feng, Yifan; Huang, Jinhai // PLoS ONE;Jun2015, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p1 

    Purpose: To evaluate axial length (AL) measurement failure rate with the IOLMaster (Carl Zeiss AG, Germany) and Lenstar LS 900 (Haag-Streit AG, Switzerland) in eyes with cataract. Methods: Two hundred and ninety-six eyes of 170 patients with cataract were enrolled. Cataract type and severity...

  • Body Mass Index is Associated With Appropriateness of Weight Gain But Not Leisure-Time Physical Activity During Pregnancy. Schlaff, Rebecca Ann; Holzman, Claudia; Mudd, Lanay M.; Pfeiffer, Karin; Pivarnik, Jim // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Nov2014, Vol. 11 Issue 8, p1 

    Little is known about how leisure time physical activity (LTPA) influences gestational weight gain (GWG) among body mass index (BMI) categories. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between pregnancy LTPA and the proportion of normal, overweight, and obese women who meet GWG...

  • Social Support, Nutrition Intake, and Physical Activity in Cancer Survivors. Coleman, Shanice; Berg, Carla J.; Thompson, Nancy J. // American Journal of Health Behavior;May/Jun2014, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p414 

    Objectives: To examine depressive symptoms, hope, social support, and quality of life in relation to fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and physical activity (PA) among cancer survivors diagnosed within the past 4 years. Methods: In 2010, participants were recruited from a southeastern US cancer...

  • Does country-context matter? A cross-national analysis of gender and leisure time physical inactivity in Europe. Van Tuyckom, Charlotte; Van De Velde, Sarah; Bracke, Piet // European Journal of Public Health;Jun2013, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p452 

    Background: It is well known that European women are less physically active in their leisure time than European men. Attempts to explain this gender difference often do not succeed in raising the problem above the individual level. However, the size of the disadvantage for women varies...

  • Prevalence and Association of Physical Activity with Obesity: An Urban, Community-Based, Cross-Sectional Study. Singh, Shavinder; Issac, Rajesh; Benjamin, Anoop Ivan; Kaushal, Seema // Indian Journal of Community Medicine;Apr-Jun2015, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p103 

    Aim: To study levels of physical activity and various measures of obesity and their association in an urban population. Study Design: Cross sectional. Materials and Methods: One thousand and forty-seven individuals between the ages 25-64 years systematically sampled from a community-based...

  • Fruit/Vegetable Intake and Physical Activity Among Adults With High Cholesterol. Jing Fang; Keenan, Nora L.; Shifan Dai // American Journal of Health Behavior;Nov/Dec2011, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p689 

    Objectives: To determine whether hypercholesterolemic adults followed healthy eating and appropriate physical activity. Methods: Using the 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we measured ≥5 servings of fruits and vegetables/day and Healthy People 2010 recommended physical...

  • Leisure-Time Physical Activity Patterns and Correlates Among Pregnant Women in Ontario, Canada. Gaston, Anca; Vamos, Cheryl // Maternal & Child Health Journal;Apr2013, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p477 

    Physical activity significantly impacts public health as it reduces the risk of chronic diseases and provides numerous protective factors during pregnancy. Although Canadian guidelines recommend regular physical activity for healthy pregnant women, little is known about their leisure-time...


    Recent literature shows that migrant populations in Western countries are generally less physically active than their host populations. The purpose of the present study was to expand research investigating associations between physical activity (PA) and acculturation and their relationship with...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics