"There Are Not Many Colored People Here": African Americans in Polk County, Arkansas, 1896-1937

Lancaster, Guy
December 2011
Arkansas Historical Quarterly;Winter2011, Vol. 70 Issue 4, p429
Academic Journal
The article discusses the poor social and economic conditions of African Americans in Polk County, Arkansas between 1896 and 1937 as a reason for the area's demographic change. The author explains that many African Americans left Polk County because of racially-motivated violence and economic changes, leaving the area mostly white. Instances of violence and harassment discussed include lynching and the chasing away of African American railroad laborers. The author also attributes the movement of African Americans away from Polk County to the advent of the railroad, as its workers necessarily had to travel. The arrival of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) white supremacy terrorist organization in the county is also explained.


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