Evaluation of growth yield of Spirulina ( Arthrospira) sp. in photoautotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultures

Chojnacka, Katarzyna; Zielińska, Agnieszka
February 2012
World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology;Feb2012, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p437
Academic Journal
In microbial cultures, both cellular growth rate and yield (defined as the degree of substrate conversion into the biomass) are important. Although effect of culture conditions on growth kinetics has been well documented for various microbial strains, there is almost no literature concerning the effect of environmental conditions on growth equilibrium, expressed as biomass yield coefficients from substrate. The present paper discusses the effect of culture conditions: irradiance (physical substrate) and glucose concentration (chemical substrate) on biomass yield coefficients from two chemical substrates: glucose and nitrate-nitrogen in photoautotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic culture of blue-green alga Spirulina ( Arthrospira) sp. The efficiency of substrates incorporation into the biomass can be precisely determined only if the elemental composition of the biomass is known. The experimental results showed that culture conditions had a substantial influence on biomass yield coefficients (biomass yield from glucose and nitrate-nitrogen). It was found that, the increase of irradiance favoured increase of biomass yield coefficient from both, glucose and nitrate-nitrogen. However, in the case of yield from nitrogen in mixotrophic culture, the effect was opposite. The effect of glucose concentration was different: the higher the initial glucose concentration, the lower the biomass yield coefficients from chemical substrates.


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