Determination Concentration of Lead in Breast in Lactating Women in Region Industrial Zarinshahr and Effect on Infant

Norouzi, Elaheh; Bahramifar, Nader; Ghasempouri, Sayed Mahmoud
December 2010
Journal of Isfahan Medical School;Dec2010, Vol. 28 Issue 112, p1
Academic Journal
Background: The aim of this study was to determine concentration of lead in the milk of women living in the vicinity of a metal smelter area and the effect of age mothers, parous, birth weight, height, and infant head circumference on the concentration of lead in human milk. Methods: Five ml of 27 colostrum samples from healthy women collected on the 4th postpartum day. After digestion of sample under pressure with of nitric acid and perchloric acid, concentration of lead in samples was determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Findings: The mean level of lead in milk nuliparous and multiparous women was 70.64 and 23.73 μg/l respectively. The mean level of lead in milk in women aged ≤ 24 and > 24 years were 68.10 and 22.86 μg/l respectively. The mean level of lead in milk in women of newborns with weighing < 2950 and ≥ 2950 g were 49.59 and 43.70 μg/l respectively. The mean level of lead in milk women of newborns with height of ≤ 49 and > 49 cm were 49.80 and 45.21 μg/l respectively. Also. The mean level of lead in milk in women of newborns with head circumferenceing < 35 and ≥ 35 cm were 27.43 and 62.33 μg/l respectively. Conclusion: There was significant difference in mean level of lead in mother's milk in difference group of age and parous; also there was negative correlation between lead concentration with age of mothers and parous. There was no significant difference and no correlation in mean level of lead in mother's milk in difference groups of birth weight, height, and head circumference.


Related Articles

  • Banking for the future: investing in human milk. Williams, Anthony F.; Kingdon, Camilla C.; Weaver, Gillian // Archives of Disease in Childhood -- Fetal & Neonatal Edition;May2007, Vol. 92 Issue 3, pF158 

    The authors reflect on the article by C. A. Boyd and colleagues regarding the unbiased evidence comparing outcomes of low birth weight babies fed by donor human milk. They point on the research which demonstrate that formula-fed low birth weight babies are at increased risk of necrotising...

  • Effect of galactagogue herbal tea on breast milk production and birth weight. Finney-Brown, Tessa // Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism;2011, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p41 

    An abstract of the article "The Effect of Galactagogue Herbal Tea on Breast Milk Production and Short-Term Catch up of Birth Weight in the First Week of Life," by C. Turkyilmaz, E. Onal and I. Hirfanoglu is presented.

  • Human Milk and Kangaroo Mother Care. Pallas-Alonso, Carmen R.; Lopez-Maestro, Maria // Current Women's Health Reviews;Aug2011, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p262 

    Significant benefits on infant host defense, sensory-neural development, gastrointestinal maturation, and some aspects of nutritional status are observed when preterm infants are fed with their mothers' own milk. A reduction in infection-related morbidity in human milk-fed preterm infants has...

  • The Magnitude and Kinetics of the Mucosal HIV-Specific CD8+ T Lymphocyte Response and Virus RNA Load in Breast Milk. Mahlokozera, Tatenda; Kang, Helen H.; Goonetilleke, Nilu; Stacey, Andrea R.; Lovingood, Rachel V.; Denny, Thomas N.; Kalilani, Linda; Bunn, James E. G.; Meshnick, Steve R.; Borrow, Persephone; Letvin, Norman L.; Permar, Sallie R. // PLoS ONE;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 8, p1 

    Background: The risk of postnatal HIV transmission is associated with the magnitude of the milk virus load. While HIVspecific cellular immune responses control systemic virus load and are detectable in milk, the contribution of these responses to the control of virus load in milk is unknown....

  • The challenges of feeding a preterm baby. Hilton, Sioned // Infant;Mar2010, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p43 

    Significant developments occur daily for both mother and baby during pregnancy and therefore when a pregnancy is cut short major challenges arise. Compelling evidence supports the need for every infant to benefit from mothers' breast milk. This is especially true for a preterm infant or...

  • SOAPY TASTE OF BREAST MILK: A CASE REPORT. KARABAYIR, Nalan // Istanbul Tip Fakültesi Dergisi;2020, Vol. 83 Issue 1, p69 

    It is known that refusing to breastfeed is a situation which can occur for many reasons. Some studies have reported that the soapy taste of frozen milk causes refusal to breastfeed in infants. Higher levels of lipase in breast milk can cause a soapy taste after having been stored. This study...

  • Of care and commodities: breast milk and the new politics of mobile biosubstances. Boyer, Kate // Progress in Human Geography;Feb2010, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p5 

    Advances in lactation technology in recent years have changed the ontological status of breast milk, giving it new-found mobility. This paper considers the contested meanings over breast milk's 'proper place' in US and UK society. By synthesizing scholarship from geography, gender studies and...

  • galactostasis.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p920 

    A definition of the medical term "galactostasis," is presented, which refers to the cessation of milk secretion.

  • Nutritive and Bioactive Proteins in Breastmilk. Haschke, Ferdinand; Haiden, Nadja; Thakkar, Sagar K. // Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism;Jan2017 Supplement, p16 

    Protein ingested with breast milk provides indispensable amino acids which are necessary for new protein synthesis for growth and replacement of losses via urine, feces, and the skin. Protein gain in the body of an infant is highest during the first months when protein concentrations in breast...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics