TITLE

Effect of Pioglitazone on Proteinuria in Non-Diabetic Renal Patients: A Self-Control Clinical Trial

AUTHOR(S)
Shahidi, Shahrzad; Pakzad, Bahram; Mortazavi, Mojgan; Seirafian, Shiva; Akbari, Mojtaba; Atarpour, Abdolamir; Nezhad, Alireza Shaygan
PUB. DATE
December 2010
SOURCE
Journal of Isfahan Medical School;Dec2010, Vol. 28 Issue 112, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Proteinuria has independent deleterious effects on the progression of chronic renal disease. The aim of this study was to determine effect of pioglitazone on proteinuria in patients with non-diabetic renal disease. Methods: This was a self-controlled clinical trial study conducted in Al-Zahara Hospital and few private clinics of nephrology in Isfahan. Forty four non-diabetic patients aged 18 and over, who had renal disease and stable proteinuria over 0.5 g in 24 h and body mass index (BMI) lower than 30 kg/m2, were enrolled in the study. Patients were treated by 15 mg of pioglitazone for 4 months. The primary end point was urine protein excretion, measured prior to the study, at the end of 2 and 4 months during treatment as well as 2 months after cessation of pioglitazone. Secondary end points included systolic blood pressure, creatinine, ALT, AST, FBS, BUN and GFR levels. Findings: Mean urine protein excretion was 1088.6 ± 775.6 mg/24 h before treatment; therefore mean urine protein excretion at the end of 4th month was 433.9 ± 406.2 mg/24 h (P<0.001, CI95%: 0.49-0.82). There was no significant trend for systolic blood pressure, creatinine, ALT, AST, FBS, BUN and GFR levels to increase or decrease during the follow-up period (P> 0.01). Conclusion: Considering complications of proteinuria followed by gradual kidney malfunction based on findings of present study, pioglitazone could significantly decrease proteinuria in patients with nondiabetic kidney diseases.
ACCESSION #
70467507

 

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