TITLE

Statistical–Dynamical Seasonal Prediction Based on Principal Component Regression of GCM Ensemble Integrations

AUTHOR(S)
Mo, Ruping; Straus, David M.
PUB. DATE
September 2002
SOURCE
Monthly Weather Review;Sep2002, Vol. 130 Issue 9, p2167
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A statistical approach to correct a dynamical ensemble forecast of future seasonal means based on the past performance of a general circulation model (GCM) is formulated. The approach combines principal component (PC) analysis with the regression technique to remove the systematic structural (distortion) error from the GCM ensemble. The performance of this statistical–dynamical method is assessed by comparing its cross-validated skill with the explicit skill achieved in the raw GCM ensembles. When the PC regression technique is applied to seasonal means from an ensemble of the Center for Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Studies (COLA) GCM, it not only recovers most of the explicit skill in the original ensemble mean, but also acts to correct significant errors in the ensemble. It is shown that some ensemble errors are due to noise that can be easily removed by applying a simple regression scheme. A novel aspect of the PC regression technique, however, is that it goes beyond the simple filtering of noise and is able to correct systematic errors in the structure of predicted fields. Thus, it has the ability to diagnose and make use of implicit skill. In the authors' application, this skill appears in the extratropical western Pacific and in east Asia, and leads to significant improvement of seasonal forecast skill. To make the PC regression scheme operationally useful, the authors develop a screening procedure for selecting skillful PCs as predictors for the regression equation. The predictors are chosen by the screening procedure based on their cross-validated performance within the training data over the whole domain or over a specified regional domain. When the procedure is applied to the COLA ensemble over the whole domain of the Northern Hemisphere, it achieves significant skill that is close to its upper bound achievable only through a postprocessing procedure. The authors also present a regional down-scaling exercise focused over eastern Canada...
ACCESSION #
7037844

 

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