Comparative Analysis of Fuel Characteristics of Bio-Diesel Produced from Selected Oil-Bearing Seeds in Nigeria

Oghenejoboh, K. M.; Umukoro, P. O.
August 2011
European Journal of Scientific Research;8/21/2011, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p238
Academic Journal
The fuel characteristics of biodiesel produced from palm oil, palm kernel oil, jatropha seed oil and rubber seed oil as compared to petroleum diesel were investigated. Biodiesel yields from the various oils were: palm oil (89.8%), palm kernel (91.2%), jatropha (96.8%) and Rubber seed (96.2%). The heating values of palm and palm kernel oil biodiesels were found to be 25.1% and 18.7% lower than that of petroleum diesel while those of jatropha and rubber seed oils were 16.4% and 16.0% lower. Other fuel properties analysed show that jatropha and rubber seed biodiesels have properties that are closer to those of petroleum diesel than palm and palm kernel oils. The results of this study indicate the viability of producing high quality biodiesel from non edible seed oils found in Nigeria. Caution should be exercised, however, that the cultivation of these oil-bearing plants does not interfere with the cultivation of food crops.


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