Determination of trace amount of nickel in cosmic spherules by photon activation analysis

Sekimoto, Shun; Hirose, Kentaro; Takimoto, Masaki; Ohtsuki, Tsutomu; Shibata, Seiichi
February 2012
Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;Feb2012, Vol. 291 Issue 2, p457
Academic Journal
Trace amount of nickel in high-purity iron and iron oxide samples was determined by photon activation analysis (PAA) using the Electron Linear Accelerator at the Research Center for Electron Photon Science, Tohoku University. It was confirmed that about 0.015 μg of nickel in the high-purity iron oxide sample could be determined with an experimental uncertainty of 20% by PAA, that is, it was possible to determine 1% of nickel at least in a few μg of cosmic spherules. PAA was applied to the nickel-determination in cosmic spherules. Nickel in cosmic spherules was determined by PAA more accurately than by instrumental neutron activation analysis done in a reactor neutron spectrum with the fluence rate ratio of thermal neutrons to fast of 4-5 which has so far been applied to the analysis of spherule samples. Additionally, trace amount of nickel in the reference material Giant Clam JCt-1 supplied by the Geological Survey of Japan was determined by PAA with radiochemical treatment.


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