Determination of iodine concentration in aqueous solutions by proton activation analysis: preliminary results for digested human thyroids

Wójcik, Anna; Zagrodzki, Paweł; Mietelski, Jerzy; Wąs, Bogdan
February 2012
Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;Feb2012, Vol. 291 Issue 2, p415
Academic Journal
The aim of our studies is to check the possibilities of using proton activation analysis as a competitive method over other analytical techniques applied for iodine determination. It is well known that long-term irradiation of biological samples leads to their decomposition and formation of gaseous radiolysis products, which increase the pressure inside the sample container. In case of using proton beam another problem with liquid samples appears. It is the production of Be via spallation reactions O(p, spall)Be. The Compton effect from Be γ-line increases the detection limits for isotopes with low-energy γ-lines. AIC-144 cyclotron at The Niewodniczański Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Science can accelerate protons up to energy of 60 MeV which is sufficient for (p,5n) reaction needed to obtain I ( T = 13.27 h, Eγ = 159 keV, I = 83%) from stable I, thus the Compton effect from Be was the main factor perturbing the analysis. Separation and removal of Be is required to improve the detection limit. The paper presents a method and an example of its application to the determination of iodine concentration in digested fragments of human thyroids obtained during surgical treatment of patients with different types of thyroid tumor.


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