Characterization of a new external neutron beam facility at the Ohio State University

Turkoglu, Danyal; Burke, Joshua; Lewandowski, Radoslaw; Cao, Lei
February 2012
Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;Feb2012, Vol. 291 Issue 2, p321
Academic Journal
A thermal neutron beam facility has been designed and implemented at the Ohio State University Research Reactor. A project is underway to construct a large vacuum chamber such that the facility could have neutron depth profiling and neutron radiography capabilities as intended. The neutron beam is extracted from the reactor through a neutron collimator emplaced in Beam Port #2. The neutron spectrum entering the neutron collimator was unfolded from foil activation analysis results and also simulated with a full reactor core model in the MCNP Monte Carlo code. The neutron collimator uses polycrystalline bismuth as a gamma ray filter and single-crystal sapphire as a fast neutron filter. The beam is defined by multiple 3.0 cm diameter apertures made of borated aluminum. Characterization of the beam was performed using foil activation to find the flux and a low-budget neutron imaging apparatus to see the beam profile. The modulation transfer function was calculated to offer insight into the resolution of the imaging system and the collimation of the beam. The neutron collimator delivers the filtered thermal neutron beam with a ~4 cm diameter and a thermal equivalent flux of (1.27 ± 0.03) × 10 n/(cms) at 450 kW power at the end of the collimator.


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