Leukoplakia of the bladder: a case report and literature review

Kasianandan, Amuthanila; Kannan, Kurinji
January 2012
International Urogynecology Journal;Jan2012, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p131
Academic Journal
An 81-year-old woman presented with symptoms of recurrent urinary tract infections, urge incontinence and nocturia. Cystoscopy performed revealed a whitish plaque lesion on the fundus and right lateral wall of the bladder. The histology of the biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of leukoplakia vesicae of the bladder. The plan is to follow her up with repeat cystoscopy and biopsy in 6 months. The literature search revealed very little information on the pathogenesis and prognosis of this condition due to its rare occurrence. Analysis of the literature signifies the association of chronic irritation due to recurrent urinary tract infections being the commonest cause of leukoplakia vesicae. The recommended long-term follow-up and surveillance based on the literature review is by cystoscopy with or without biopsy.


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