TITLE

Diverse Perturbations May Alter the Lacrimal Acinar Cell Autoantigenic Spectra

AUTHOR(S)
Mircheff, Austin K.; Xie, Jiansong; Qian, Limin; Hamm-Alvarez, Sarah F.
PUB. DATE
May 2002
SOURCE
DNA & Cell Biology;May2002, Vol. 21 Issue 5/6, p435
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Lacrimal gland acinar cell autoantigens in Sjögren's syndrome include both intracellular proteins and plasma membrane proteins, to which the immune system normally must be tolerant. Attention has largely focused on the roles apoptotic cell death may play in exposing sequestered autoantigens and novel surface epitopes. We hypothesize that perturbations of ongoing membrane traffic in intact, functioning cells may also increase autoantigen exposure. We review the vesicular traffic between acinar cell basal-lateral plasma membranes (blm) and endomembrane compartments, then describe experiments in which isolated acinar cells were stimulated with epidermal growth factor (EGF), lysed, and analyzed by sorbitol gradient centrifugation. Whereas the cholinergic agonist, carbachol, impairs traffic from the trans-Golgi network to prelysosomes, causing Golgi, secretory, and lysosomal proteins to reflux into domains of the trans-Golgi network that communicate with the blm and to accumulate in the blm, EGF specifically causes a 2.6-fold (P < 0.05) increase in the β-hexosaminidase content of the blm fraction, apparently by impairing traffic from early endosomes to prelysosome. We, therefore, suggest that a variety of physiologic stimuli may alter the spectra of autoantigens acinar cells secrete to the interstitium, express in their blm, and present via MHC Class II molecules after proteolytic processing.
ACCESSION #
7008882

 

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