Swayze, Ken; McGhee, Robert
November 2011
Archaeology of Eastern North America;2011, Vol. 39, p131
Academic Journal
A recently discovered site on the outskirts of Ottawa is associated with Champlain Sea shorelines dating between approximately 11,000 and9000 radiocarbon years ago. The assemblage of lithic tools is based on locally quarried vein quartz, worked primarily using bipolar reduction techniques. An experimental study of use wear on quartz tools was undertaken as the basis for recognizing used artifacts in the assemblage. These unifacial tools, with crushing and use polish on steep edges and points, resemble those characteristic of Early Archaic assemblages in New England and the St. Lawrence Valley. Local topographic conditions, as well as palaeoenvironmental evidence in soil profiles, suggests that the Heritage Hills site was occupied during the early postglacial period. This and other recently discovered sites in the area suggests the existence of a previously unrecognized Early Archaic occupation of the Ottawa Valley region of eastern Ontario.


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