High plasma homocysteine and insulin resistance in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome

Hemati, Tayebe; Moghadami-Tabrizi, Nasrin; Davari-Tanha, Fateme; Salmanian, Bahram; Javadian, Pouya
July 2011
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Summer2011, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p223
Academic Journal
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common disease among women in fertility ages and cause severe insulin resistance. Hyperhomocysteinaemia is said to be among the features of PCOS that could influence its outcome. Objective: This study aimed to investigate whether hyperhomocysteinaemia exists in PCOS and if it is related to insulin resistance in the affected patients. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was carried out in a university based fertility clinic. Sixty four PCOS patients and 50 normo ovulatory controls were reviewed for fasting glucose, insulin, homocysteine, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) plasma levels in the blood sample of the 3rd day of their menstrual cycle. Insulin resistance was determined with the fasting glucose (mmol/L) to insulin (mIU/L) ratio and HOMA-IR (Homeostasis model assessment- Insulin resistance). Independent-samples T-test and linear regression test were utilized to analyze the obtained data. Results: Homocysteine levels compared between PCOS patients and control group showed a significant difference. PCOS group was divided into insulin resistant (IR) (LogHOMA-IR⩾0.57) and non insulin resistant (NIR) patients. The IR group had significantly higher homocysteine (p-value=0.02), fasting insulin and glucose levels (p-value<0.00l) rather than NIR group. Conclusion: PCOS patients have a leaning toward hyperhomocysteinaemia and insulin resistance. Insulin resistant patients are found to have higher homocysteine level.


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