TITLE

In vitro shoot induction and plant regeneration from flower buds in Paphiopedilum orchids

AUTHOR(S)
Liao, Yu-Ju; Tsai, Yu-Ching; Sun, Yung-Wei; Lin, Ruey-Song; Wu, Fang-Sheng
PUB. DATE
December 2011
SOURCE
In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology Plant;Dec2011, Vol. 47 Issue 6, p702
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Paphiopedilum species are recalcitrant in tissue culture, and no explant from mature plants has been successfully mass propagated in vitro. This study was aimed at inducing shoots and regenerating plants from the flowering plants of a sequentially flowering Paphiopedilum Deperle and a single floral Paphiopedilum Armeni White. By using cross-sectioned flower buds (FBs), we found that in both species, only sections that contained the base tissue of FBs were able to produce shoots and plants. We have also found that sections of FBs between 1.5 and 3.0 cm from Paphiopedilum Deperle were able to produce shoots, but only sections of FBs >2.5 cm from Paphiopedilum Armeni White were regenerable. Our microscopic observations revealed that the small bract at the FB base harbored a new miniature FB, which further harbored a primitive FB with dome-shaped meristem-like tissues that presumably led to the plant induction. The reiteration of this pattern resulted in a scorpioid cyme inflorescence architecture in the multifloral Paphiopedilum species, and its failure to reiterate resulted in a single flower. The induction rates were 57-75%, and all plants survived in a greenhouse. This method is potentially applicable for the micropropagation and conservation of slipper orchids.
ACCESSION #
69806572

 

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