Salivary Diagnostics: An Insight

Sandhu, Simarpreet Virk; Bhandari, Rajat; Gupta, Shruti; Puri, Abhiney
December 2011
Indian Journal of Dental Sciences;Dec2011, Vol. 3 Issue 5, p19
Academic Journal
Saliva is a diagnostic medium that can be easily collected and with minimal invasion but it has been neglected in the past. It is now systematically being researched and oral fluid analysis is being compared with the analysis of other diagnostic media such as blood and urine. Today, saliva is being used more often to diagnose: hereditary diseases, autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases, endocrine disorders as, well as in the assessment of therapeutic levels of drugs and in forensic field. A number of recent studies have focused on oncogenic marker detection and its monitoring in saliva. The latest clinical and laboratory findings on diagnostic markers of oropharyngeal carcinoma in saliva could be the beginning of their wider use as a diagnostic medium. With the addition of modern techniques and chemical instrumentation equipment, there has been an increase in its use for laboratory investigations, applicable for basic and clinical analyses in the fields of medicine and dentistry. The value of these methods for the diagnosis of oral and systemic diseases has been the subject of study by several researchers with the aim of increasing its use alongside complementary exams.


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