Food Stamps and Dependency: Disentangling the Short-term and Long-term Economic Effects of Food Stamp Receipt and Low Income for Young Mothers

VartaAnian, Thomas P.; Houser, Linda; Harkness, Joseph
December 2011
Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare;Dec2011, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p101
Academic Journal
The Food Stamp Program (FSP) remains one of the most widely used of all U.S. social "safety net" programs. While a substantial body of research has developed around the primary goals of the program- improving food access, nutrition, and health among lowincome families-less attention has been paid to the broader goals of hardship and poverty reduction. Using 38 years of data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine several immediate and longer-term economic outcomes of early adult FSP participation for a sample of 3,848 young mothers. While FSP participation is associated with some negative outcomes in the immediate future in areas including family income-to-needs and transfer income, such effects are substantially reduced or disappear over the long run. These results suggest that concerns about the adverse economic effects of assistance, based solely on short-term outcomes or outcomes measured at a single point in time, do not hold for the long run. We find no evidence that food stamp recipients in early motherhood are any more or less dependent on public assistance programs than other young mothers who have low income but do not use food stamps.


Related Articles

  • Clergy, politicians find out how far food stamps go. Kuhn, Josef // Christian Century;11/29/2011, Vol. 128 Issue 24, p17 

    The article reports on the Food Stamp Challenge initiative launched in Washington D.C. on October 27, 2011. Details are given describing the exercise as an attempt to allow politicians and other civic leaders to live on food stamps for a time to see how difficult it is for poor people. The...

  • Slapping the Poor Just for the Hell of It. HIGHTOWER, JIM // Progressive Populist;1/1/2014, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p3 

    The author criticizes Republican Party leaders in the U.S. House of Representatives for reducing funding for the food stamp program and mentions the joblessness rate among the lowest-income families in the U.S.

  • Preventing Poverty. Smith, Ron // Policy & Practice (19426828);Aug2013, Vol. 71 Issue 4, p6 

    The author discusses prevention of poverty in the U.S. He suggests that the government should look into causes of poverty rather than the effects of poverty and states that all the government programs including food stamps, Medicaid, and the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women will only...

  • PENNIES FROM HEAVEN…AND D.C. ISAACSON, BETSY // Newsweek Global;12/26/2014, Vol. 163 Issue 25, p44 

    The article proposes solutions to ending poverty in the U.S. Topics covered include the need to replace the entire welfare system with universal basic income to address the problem, the logistical problems in the current U.S. welfare systems, the challenges that the country will face in...

  • Complementos nutricionales y capital humano. Un análisis desde los beneficiarios al Nutrisano y Nutrivida del programa Oportunidades de México. Alfonso Martínez Martínez, Óscar // Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud;dec2009, Vol. 8 Issue 17, p140 

    Human capital development is an effective method to fight poverty, which is the reason for the launch of variety of programs that work in this direction. In Mexico, the implementation of the "Oportunidades" program ("Opportunities" program) operates through three components. One of it is the...

  • Census: 1 in 5 children on food stamps. Jalonick, Mary Clare // High Plains Journal;5/4/2015, Vol. 133 Issue 18, p9A 

    The article reports on the survey of the U.S. Census Bureau released on January 28, 2015 which shows the high number of children and families who were on food stamp assistance in 2014 under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).

  • FEDERAL FUNDING URGED TO BRING E-BENEFITS TO WIC.  // CardLine;3/27/2009, Vol. 9 Issue 13, p3 

    The article focuses on a report by J.P. Treasury Services, on the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children, commonly referred to as WIC of the U.S. According to the report, a lack of direction from the government is preventing the nationwide transition of WIC from a...

  • Race, Class, and the Photopolitics of Maternal Re-vision in Rickie Solinger's Beggars and Choosers. Tapia, Ruby C. // Feminist Studies;Summer2010, Vol. 36 Issue 2, p375 

    This article discusses race, class, and gender in "Beggars and Choosers," a photography exhibition by curator Rickie Solinger. The author analyzes the exhibition's photopolitics, commenting on economically disadvantaged women and women of color, welfare policy in the United States, and sexual...

  • Demonizing the Poor for being Poor. Curry, George E. // Washington Informer;5/26/2011, Vol. 46 Issue 82, p21 

    In this article the author looks into whether anti-poverty programs, food stamps, and unemployment insurance implemented by the U.S. federal government are effective. The author alleges that food stamp users have been taken advantage by candidates for public office whose intention is to obtain...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics