Centripetal fat patterning in South African children

Goon, Daniel T.; Toriola, Abel L.; Shaw, Brandon S.; Amusa, L. O.
July 2011
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences;Jul2011, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p832
Academic Journal
Objectives: The waist-to-stature ratio (WSR) is newly developed index, proposed to be of greater value as a simple anthropometric indicator, for predicting abdominal obesity and related cardiovascular co-morbidities in adults and children. This study examined age and gender differences in waist-to-stature (WSR) as measure of centripetal fat patterning in a sample of children in Pretoria, South Africa. Methodology: A cross-sectional study of 1136 schoolchildren (548 boys and 588 girls) aged 9-13 (11.2 ± 1.3) years were studied. Anthropometric measurements included body mass, stature and waist circumference. WSR was calculated by dividing waist circumference (in cm) by stature (in cm). Data were analysed using means and standard deviation. The parametric t-test was applied to examine sexual dimorphism in fat patterning among the children. The proportion of children with a WSR < 0.50 was calculated for each age group. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: The mean value of WSR was 0.43 ± 0.06 (95% CI 0.42-0.43), with the girls having significantly (p = 0.002; p < 0.05) higher mean WSR (0.44 ± 0.06; 95% CI 0.43-0.44), compared to the boys (0.42 ± 0.06; 95% CI 0.42-0.43). WSR showed inconsistent results in both sexes and across age groups. Girls had significantly (p = 0.005) higher mean values of WSR at ages nine,11, and 12. A total of 155 children (13.6%) had central obesity as measured by WSR. The proportion of boys with a WSR > 0.5 was 47 (8.6%), while girls were 108 (18.4%). The prevalence of central obesity (WSR > 0.5) was found at all age and sex categories with the highest prevalence rate found at age 13 in both sexes. Conclusions: The fact that WSR > 0.5 (13.6%) was found in these children, even among the youngest, is a cause for concern since obesity-related problems are likely to be present among the children. The need to design and implement appropriate intervention strategies at school and community levels is evident.


Related Articles

  • Ä€valiação antropométrica de pré-escolares em Piracicaba, SP: da desnutrição para a obesidade. do Nascimento, Ana Paula Branco; Ferreira, Maurício Lamano; Molina, Silvia Maria Guerra // ConScientiae Saude;2010, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p707 

    Introduction: The nutritional status of children is essential to assess the evolution of life and health conditions of a population in a country, since it can cause obesity in children which may perpetuate itself until adulthood. Objective: To evaluate the nutritional status of 3,996 children...

  • RELATIONSHIP OF PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AND SEXUAL DIMORPHISM WITH ADAPTIVE CAPABILITIES YOUTH. Pulikov, Anatoly; Moscalenko, Olga // Modern Research of Social Problems;2012, Issue 1, p747 

    Based on anthropometric and functional studies of sexual dimorphism, physical development, the vegetative nervous system tone and its reactivity in 304 boys in Krasnoyarsk, found that young men of Krasnoyarsk have for the most part moderate and mild symptoms of the body structure of the opposite...

  • SEX DIFFERENCES IN RELATIVE FOOT LENGTH AND PERCEIVED ATTRACTIVENESS OF FEMALE FEET: RELATIONSHIPS AMONG ANTHROPOMETRY, PHYSIQUE, AND PREFERENCE RATINGS. Voracek, Martin; Fisher, Maryanne L.; Rupp, Barbara; Lucas, Deanna; Fessler, Daniel M. T. // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Jun2007 Part2, Vol. 104 Issue 3, p1123 

    Foot size proportionate to stature is smaller in women than in men, and small feet apparently contribute to perceived physical attractiveness of females. This exploratory study investigated the sex difference in relative foot length and interrelations among foot length, physique, and foot...

  • Prevalence of obesity in British children born in 1946 and 1958. Peckham, C.S.; Stark, O.; Simonite, V.; Wolff, O.H. // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);4/16/1983, Vol. 286 Issue 6373, p1237 

    Compares the prevalence of obesity in children born in 1946 and 1958 in Great Britain. Risk of being obese later in childhood; Definition of overweight; Correlation between birth weight and relative weight on both sexes.

  • Anthropometric Correlates of Total Body Fat, Abdominal Adiposity, and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in a Biracial Sample of Men and Women. Barreira, Tiago V.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Harrington, Deirdre M.; Heymsfield, Steven B.; Smith, Steven R.; Bouchard, Claude; Katzmarzyk, Peter T. // Mayo Clinic Proceedings;May2012, Vol. 87 Issue 5, p452 

    Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Patients and Methods: This study is limited to cross-sectional analyses of data from participants attending...

  • Distinct gender differences in anthropometric profiles of a peri-urban South African HIV population: a cross sectional study. Nell, Theodore A.; Kruger, Maritza J.; Beukes, Dillan C.; Calitz, Esme; Essop, Rehana; Essop, M. Faadiel // BMC Infectious Diseases;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has extended life expectancy and enhanced the well-being of HIV-positive individuals. Since there are concerns regarding HAART-mediated onset of cardio-metabolic diseases in the long-term, we evaluated the anthropometric profile of black...

  • Gender differences affect inflammation, CV repair.  // Endocrine Today;Dec2013, Vol. 11 Issue 12, p28 

    The article reports that according to Doris A. Taylor of the Texas Heart Institute, gender also plays a role in inflammation, aging and hormonal changes, and there is a need to understand cardiovascular disease to prevent them among women.

  • GENDER DIFFERENCES ARE SIGNIFICANT in CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE. Beck, Susan D.; Sanders, Deb // Today's Geriatric Medicine;Sep/Oct2015, Vol. 8 Issue 5, p22 

    The article examines gender-specific aspects of cardiovascular disease (CVD), with topics including the need to educate women about the symptoms of heart disease to improve their mortality rates, diagnosing coronary heart disease, and women's prognosis with CVD.

  • Age- and sex-specific differences in blood-borne microvesicles from apparently healthy humans. Gustafson, Callie M.; Shepherd, Alex J.; Miller, Virginia M.; Jayachandran, Muthuvel // Biology of Sex Differences;9/5/2015, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Sex differences in incidence of cardiovascular disease may reflect age-associated intravascular cellular activation resulting in shedding of cell membrane-derived bioactive microvesicles (MV or microparticles) into the blood. Concentrations of cell-specific MV in blood have the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics