Penetrating cardiac injuries 10 year experience

Aydin, Cemalettin; Ceberut, Kadri; Aksoy, Y. Metin; BaseL, Halil; Bayar, Ekrem
July 2011
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences;Jul2011, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p725
Academic Journal
Objective: To evaluate clinical findings and surgical interventions and their results in the patients referred to our hospital with cardiac injuries. Penetrating heart injury is potentially alife-threatening condition due to cardiac tamponade or exsanguinating hemorrhage. Methodology: The data of 20 patients undergoing surgical intervention due to penetrating cardiac injury between 2001 and 2010 were retrospectively evaluated. In this series of 20 patients all were male between the ages of 14-65 years, with a mean age of 33.2±14.15 years. Results: Age interval of the participating patients was between 14 - 65. Eighteen of these patients were diagnosed with right ventricular injuries while two were diagnosed with left ventricular injuries. All the diagnoses were established with clinical examination, direct radiograph, CT, echocardiography and ECG. Four of the patients admitted in emergency service were in agony, four were in shock, and six presented with hypotensive hemodynamic, and four with stable hemodynamic. Right anterior thoracotomy was applied to four patients in agony in the emergency service. Two of these patients died. None of other patients died. All the postoperative patients were followed with echocardiography. Post - pericardiotomy syndrome was detected in one of the patients. Conclusion: Our experience shows that early diagnosis and immediate surgical intervention are the main factors affecting patient survival after penetrating heart injuries. Penetratingcardiac injuries have high mortality. This rate may be 80% in those patients in agony. Emergent intervention in emergency services for the patients under emergent conditions may be life- saving.


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