TITLE

Direct Magnitude Estimates of Speech Intelligibility in Dysarthria: Effects of a Chosen Standard

AUTHOR(S)
Weismer, Gary; Laures, Jacqueline S.
PUB. DATE
June 2002
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2002, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p421
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Direct magnitude estimation (DME) has been used frequently as a perceptual scaling technique in studies of the speech intelligibility of persons with speech disorders. The technique is typically used with a standard, or reference stimulus, chosen as a good exemplar of "midrange" intelligibility. In several published studies, the standard has been chosen subjectively, usually on the basis of the expertise of the investigators. The current experiment demonstrates that a fixed set of sentence-level utterances, obtained from 4 individuals with dysarthria (2 with Parkinson disease, 2 with traumatic brain injury) as well as 3 neurologically normal speakers, is scaled differently depending on the identity of the standard. Four different standards were used in the main experiment, three of which were judged qualitatively in two independent evaluations to be good exemplars of midrange intelligibility. Acoustic analyses did not reveal obvious differences between these four standards but suggested that the standard with the worst-scaled intelligibility had much poorer voice source characteristics compared to the other three standards. Results are discussed in terms of possible standardization of midrange intelligibility exemplars for DME experiments.
ACCESSION #
6859134

 

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