TITLE

Speech Segmentation by Native and Non-Native Speakers: The Use of Lexical, Syntactic, and Stress-Pattern Cues

AUTHOR(S)
Sanders, Lisa D.; Neville, Helen J.; Woldorff, Marty G.
PUB. DATE
June 2002
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2002, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p519
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Varying degrees of plasticity in different subsystems of language have been demonstrated by studies showing that some aspects of language are processed similarly by native speakers and late-learners whereas other aspects are processed differently by the two groups. The study of speech segmentation provides a means by which the ability to process different types of linguistic information can be measured within the same task, because lexical, syntactic, and stress-pattern information can all indicate where one word ends and the next begins in continuous speech. In this study, native Japanese and native Spanish late-learners of English (as well as near-monolingual Japanese and Spanish speakers) were asked to determine whether specific sounds fell at the beginning or in the middle of words in English sentences. Similar to native English speakers, late-learners employed lexical information to perform the segmentation task. However, nonnative speakers did not use syntactic information to the same extent as native English speakers. Although both groups of late-learners of English used stress pattern as a segmentation cue, the extent to which this cue was relied upon depended on the stress-pattern characteristics of their native language. These findings support the hypothesis that learning a second language later in life has differential effects on subsystems within language.
ACCESSION #
6859114

 

Related Articles

  • PROBABILISTIC PAIRS AND GROUPS OF WORDS IN A TEXT. Meetham, A. R. // Language & Speech;Apr-Jun64, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p98 

    Discusses probabilistic pairs and groups of words in a text. Examination of possible pairs of words; Analysis in the use of word-groups for the indexing and retrieval of documents; Arrangement of the word pairs.

  • THE THREE LATIN SISTERS. de Madariaga, Salvador // Foreign Affairs;Jan1929, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p301 

    The article focuses on France Italy and Spain, sometimes refered to as the Three Latin Sisters. The three peoples were ruled for centuries by the same or similar laws and in approximately the same language. The fact that French, Italian and Spanish belong to the same philological family has been...

  • From Theory to Practice: A Note on Applied Liguistics. Motherwell, George // Western Speech;Fall1956, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p228 

    Focuses on applied linguistics in the U.S. Position of American linguistic science in relation to other disciplines; Large scale application of linguistics; Application of descriptive linguistics.

  • PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.  // Linguistica Uralica;2004, Vol. 40 Issue 1, p79 

    A bibliography on the subject of language and linguistics is presented which includes the books "From Interaction to Grammar: Estonian Finite Verb Forms in Conversation," by L. Keevallik, "The Pannonian Slavic Dialect of the Common Slavic Proto-Language: The View From Old Hungarian," by R. O....

  • By Their Speech. Reeder, Paige // Saturday Evening Post;6/16/1945, Vol. 217 Issue 51, p92 

    A quiz concerning various languages is presented.

  • Ghost. Bowman, Catherine // Literary Cavalcade;Oct99, Vol. 52 Issue 2, p26 

    Discusses the origin and evolution of the word `ghost.'

  • Foreword. Sari´┐Żoban, Arif // Journal of Language & Linguistics Studies;Apr2012, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p6 

    A foreword to "The Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies" is presented.

  • Editorial. Bygate, Martin; Kramsch, Claire // Applied Linguistics;Jun2002, Vol. 23 Issue 2, pv 

    The editors of the journal "Applied Linguistics" are inviting researchers to submit scholarly articles that focus on language as a means of portraying theoretical and empirical studies on real world problems in an effort to broaden the journal's scope which they hope will include other fields...

  • Access to the linguistic system: A viable metaphor? Introduction. Platt, Elizabeth // Journal of Applied Linguistics;2006, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p249 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one on the principles behind the competence in an organization, another on the development and understanding of language and on the analysis on the learners who are engaged in problem solving.

  • Introduction. Van Craenenbroeck, Jeroen; Rooryck, Johan // Linguistic Variation Yearbook;2007, Vol. 7 Issue 1, pv 

    The article introduces this issue of "Linguistic Variation Yearbook."

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics