TITLE

The Possible Role of Oral Contraceptives in the Development of Temporomandibular Disorders

AUTHOR(S)
Madani, Azam Sadat; Mirmortazavi, Amirtaher; Ghazi, Narges; Ziaee, Shirin
PUB. DATE
September 2011
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Stomatology;2011, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p149
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are musculoskeletal pain conditions affecting approximately 40% to 60% of the general population as a sign of some functional disturbance of the masticatory system. These disorders are more common and severe in women, especially in those who are in their reproductive age. The results of research on sex hormones and TMDs showed controversy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible role of OCs in the development of TMDs. Material and methods: The incidence of temporomandibular disorders was compared across three consecutive menstrual cycles in oral contraceptive users (OC group) and non-users (Non-OC group). The type of disorder (muscular, articular and muscular/ articular) was determined. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square test. Results: TMDs were observed in 75% and 83% of women in OC group and Non-OC group respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the studied groups. Articular disorders were more common in both groups. Conclusion: The results suggested that there wasn't any corelation between using oral contraceptives and development of TMDs in healthy menstruating women.
ACCESSION #
67699594

 

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