The Possible Role of Oral Contraceptives in the Development of Temporomandibular Disorders

Madani, Azam Sadat; Mirmortazavi, Amirtaher; Ghazi, Narges; Ziaee, Shirin
September 2011
Indian Journal of Stomatology;2011, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p149
Academic Journal
Introduction: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are musculoskeletal pain conditions affecting approximately 40% to 60% of the general population as a sign of some functional disturbance of the masticatory system. These disorders are more common and severe in women, especially in those who are in their reproductive age. The results of research on sex hormones and TMDs showed controversy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible role of OCs in the development of TMDs. Material and methods: The incidence of temporomandibular disorders was compared across three consecutive menstrual cycles in oral contraceptive users (OC group) and non-users (Non-OC group). The type of disorder (muscular, articular and muscular/ articular) was determined. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square test. Results: TMDs were observed in 75% and 83% of women in OC group and Non-OC group respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the studied groups. Articular disorders were more common in both groups. Conclusion: The results suggested that there wasn't any corelation between using oral contraceptives and development of TMDs in healthy menstruating women.


Related Articles

  • The Pill. Carlson-Rink, Cathy // Alive: Canada's Natural Health & Wellness Magazine;Jul2008, Issue 309, p62 

    The article discusses the benefits regarding the use of birth control pills. The pills, a combination of synthetic estrogen and progesterone, may reduce painful and irregular periods, wherein ovulating in women will only return two weeks after discontinuing its use. Information on its...

  • Hormonal Fluctuations Intensify Temporomandibular Disorder Pain Without Impairing Masticatory Function. Soares Reis Vilanova, Larissa; Marques Simek Vega Gonçalves, Thais; Meirelles, Lis; Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia, Renata // International Journal of Prosthodontics;Jan/Feb2015, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p72 

    Purpose: The influence of hormonal fluctuations on pain and mastication was evaluated in patients with painful temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms. Materials and Methods: Fifty women were assigned to menstrual cycle and oral contraceptive groups (n = 25). Their TMD was diagnosed by...

  • Role of female reproductive hormones estrogen and progesterone in temporomandibular disorder in female patients. Patil, Santosh R.; Yadav, Nidhi; Mousa, Mohammed Assayed; Alzwiri, Abdalwhab; Kassab, Mohamed; Sahu, Rohit; Chuggani, Satish // Journal of Oral Research & Review;Jul-Dec2015, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p41 

    Aim: The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of female reproductive hormones estrogen and progesterone in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in female patients. Materials and Methods: Serum estrogen and progesterone levels of 200 female participants who had varying grades of TMD...

  • Female hormones fluctuation and chewing movement of patients with disc displacement. Alves de Oliveira, Jonas; Marques Simek Vega Gonalves, Tha¡s; Soares Reis Vilanova, Larissa; Maria Bovi Ambrosano, Glaucia; Rodrigues Garcia, Renata Cunha M. // Revista Odonto Ciencia;Jan2012, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p20 

    Purpose: This study aimed to verify the influence of hormonal fluctuations on chewing movement in women with disc displacement (DD).Methods: Fourteen women with DD taking oral contraceptives (OC); 12 DD-free control staking OC; 12 normally cycling women with DD; and 14 DD-free normally cycling...

  • Escape from birth control hell. Grant, Priscilla // Glamour;Jan99, Vol. 97 Issue 1, p172 

    Presents information on the health benefits of oral contraceptives. How Liz Wibbelsman gained benefits from oral contraceptives; Chemical components of pills; Physiological effects of estrogen and progestins; Other health benefits offered by pills.

  • Effect of oral administration of levonogestrel with or without ethinyl estradiol on glucose tolerance and plasma lipid parameters in female Wistar rats. Michael, O. S.; Olatunji, L. A. // Proceedings of the Physiological Society;2013, p430P 

    Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) have become the most common or popularly used method of reversible contraception worldwide (1). The impact of oral contraceptives (OC) on cardiovascular health remains an important issue due to the popularity of this contraceptive choice combined with the...

  • PATIENT CHOICE.  // Pulse;5/17/2007, Vol. 67 Issue 19, p56 

    The article presents questions and answers related to methods of family planning. One questions about the effectiveness of combined oral contraceptive containing 20 micrograms ethinylestradiol, as compared with those with higher doses of estrogen. Another one asks about the risk of ovulation for...

  • NEVER GET CRAMPS AGAIN. Grumman, Rachel // Cosmopolitan;Nov2007, Vol. 243 Issue 5, p198 

    The article describes the condition when women feel bloated and overweight, and the birth control pill that helps alleviate this bloated feeling. This oral contraceptive, Lybrel, contains both estrogen and progestin and effectively prevents pregnancy. Lybrel differs from other birth control...

  • Contraception: What's New? Literature Review. Reshi, Parveen // Internet Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics;2009, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p9 

    This article focuses on recent advances in hormonal contraception. Significant modifications of oral contraceptives such as lower doses, extended cycle regimens, and innovative delivery systems as well as new delivery systems and innovations such as vaginal rings, transdermal patches, a new...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics