Stapled Trans-Anal Rectal Resection (STARR) in the Surgical Treatment of the Obstructed Defecation Syndrome: Results of STARR Italian Registry

Stuto, Angelo; Renzi, Adolfo; Carriero, Alfonso; Gabrielli, Francesco; Gianfreda, Valeria; Villani, Roberto Dino; Pietrantoni, Carmine; Seria, Giovanni; Capomagi, Antonio; Talento, Pasquale
September 2011
Surgical Innovation;Sep2011, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p248
Academic Journal
Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Stapled Trans-Anal Rectal Resection (STARR) in the treatment of Obstructed Defecation Syndrome ODS by the analysis of the data collected in the STARR Italian Registry (SIR) with a special emphasis on the analysis of symptoms and quality of life. Methods: Collected data included, preoperative tests findings, and the evaluation of symptoms; the latter was obtained by using dedicated tools such as the Obstructed Defecation Syndrome Score (ODS-S), the Severity Symptom Score (SSS), and the Continence Grading Scale (CGS). Data on the quality of life were collected by Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life (PAC-QoL) and the Euro Quality of Life–5 Domains Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5D VAS). The evaluation of the symptoms and the quality of life was repeated 6 and 12 months after surgery. Results: The SIR had collected data on 2171 patients (1653 females, 76.1%; mean age 56.2years; range 20-96 years). A significant improvement (P < .0001) was seen between preoperative and 12-month follow-up in all scores: ODS-S (16.7 vs 5.0), SSS (15.6 vs 2.6), CGS (2.0 vs 0.7), PAC-QoL (51.0 vs 22.1), and EQ-5D VAS (57.5 vs 85.7). Complications included defecatory urgency (4.5% at 12 months), bleeding (3.6%), perineal sepsis (3.4%), and one case of rectovaginal fistula (0.05%). Conclusion: The analysis of SIR data seems to confirm that STARR is a safe and effective procedure in the treatment of ODS. However, further studies are required to evaluate the long-term stability of results.


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