Effects of Modulators of Protein Phosphorylation on Heme Metabolism in Human Hepatic Cells: Induction of d-Aminolevulinic Synthase mRNA and Protein by Okadaic Acid

Cable, Edward E.; Kuhn, Benjamin R.; Isom, Harriet C.
April 2002
DNA & Cell Biology;Apr2002, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p323
Academic Journal
Effects of modulators of protein phosphorylation on d-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) synthase and heme oxygenase-1 mRNA were analyzed in the human hepatic cell lines Huh-7 and HepG2 using a quantitative RNase protection assay. Okadaic acid was found to induce ALA synthase mRNA in a concentration-dependent fashion in both Huh-7 and HepG2 cells. The EC[sub 50] for induction of ALA synthase mRNA in Huh-7 cells was 13.5 nM, with maximum increases occurring at okadaic acid concentrations of 25-50 nM. The EC[sub 50] for induction of ALA synthase mRNA in HepG2 cells was 35.5 nM, with maximum increases occurring at okadaic acid concentrations of 50 nM. Concentration-dependent induction of ALA synthase mRNA paralleled the increase in ALA synthase protein. Maximum induction of ALA synthase was observed between 5 and 10 h post-treatment in both cell lines. Induction of ALA synthase mRNA in Huh-7 cells, but not HepG2 cells, was associated with an increase in ALA synthase mRNA stability. Okadaic acid also induced heme oxygenase-1 mRNA in both cell lines, but the magnitude of induction was only twofold, and was rapid and transient. Okadaic acid and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate significantly decreased heme-mediated induction of heme oxygenase-1 mRNA in both Huh-7 and HepG2 cells. Wortmannin diminished the heme-mediated induction of heme oxygenase-1 mRNA in HepG2 cells, but not Huh-7 cells. These results report a novel property of okadaic acid to affect heme metabolism in human cell lines.


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