Possibilities for reuse of treated domestic wastewater in The Netherlands

Rietveld, L. C.; Norton-Brandão, D.; Shang, R.; van Agtmaal, J.; van Lier, J. B.
October 2011
Water Science & Technology;2011, Vol. 64 Issue 7, p1540
The implementation of wastewater reuse is becoming an increasingly important means of supplementing water supply needs and/or reducing costs. The present paper provides examples of possible uses of treated domestic effluent for the three sectors, i.e. public water supply, industrial and agricultural uses with the aim to address the feasibility of these applications. It is concluded that, although The Netherlands as a whole is considered to be a low water stressed country, regional fresh water scarcity and costs can result in the need for applications of domestic wastewater reuse.


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