Ocular manifestations in the Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome

Chandravanshi, Shivcharan L; Rawat, Ashok Kumar; Dwivedi, Prem Chand; Choudhary, Pankaj
November 2011
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology;Nov2011, Vol. 59 Issue 6, p509
Academic Journal
The Hutchinson-Gilford progeria (HGP) syndrome is an extremely rare genetic condition characterized by an appearance of accelerated aging in children. The word progeria is derived from the Greek word progeros meaning 'prematurely old'. It is caused by de novo dominant mutation in the LMNA gene (gene map locus 1q21.2) and characterized by growth retardation and accelerated degenerative changes of the skin, musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems. The most common ocular manifestations are prominent eyes, loss of eyebrows and eyelashes, and lagophthalmos. In the present case some additional ocular features such as horizontal narrowing of palpebral fissure, superior sulcus deformity, upper lid retraction, upper lid lag in down gaze, poor pupillary dilatation, were noted. In this case report, a 15-year-old Indian boy with some additional ocular manifestations of the HGP syndrome is described.


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