Spectrum of visual impairment among urban female school students of Surat

Basu, Mausumi; Das, Palash; Pal, Ranabir; Kar, Sumit; Desai, Vikas K.; Kavishwar, Abhay
November 2011
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology;Nov2011, Vol. 59 Issue 6, p475
Academic Journal
Eye morbidities with or without symptoms delineate a signifi cant morbidity among adolescent schoolgirls in India. The study was undertaken to assess the extent of visual impairment and ocular morbidity to identify infl uencing factors and the impact on scholastic performance. Materials and Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was undertaken among 3002 urban girl students of Surat in Gujarat, India. Overall prevalence of refractive error was found to be 15.22%; myopia aff ected 91.47%, hyperopia 4.60%, and astigmatism 0.04%. The prevalence of myopia and astigmatism was more in higher age groups, while hyperopia was more in lower age groups; even students with good vision reported ophthalmic symptoms. Of all spectacle users, in 29.73% cases the eyesight was not found to be with the best possible corrections. Refractive error was observed to be higher among the general caste (50.98%) and among Muslims (54.05%). Still, among those with problems of eyesight, 75.93% students had good academic performance. Associated ocular morbidity was noted in 20.35% participants along with the refractive error. Conclusion: This study highlighted the load of eye morbidities of adolescent Indian urban girls.


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