TITLE

Prevailing clinical practices regarding screening for retinopathy of prematurity among pediatricians in India: A pilot survey

AUTHOR(S)
Patwardhan, Saurabh Dileep; Azad, Rajvardhan; Gogia, Varun; Chandra, Parijat; Gupta, Shikha
PUB. DATE
November 2011
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology;Nov2011, Vol. 59 Issue 6, p427
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
To evaluate the prevailing practices for proper screening and referral scheme among Indian pediatricians for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Materials and Methods: Pediatricians registered with Indian Academy of Pediatrics from six states of India were selected randomly and were telephonically interviewed in accordance with a preformed questionnaire which comprised of questions regarding demographic factors, number of premature children seen per month, awareness and referral scheme to ophthalmologist; responses thus obtained were analyzed. Results: Hundred percent knowledge about ROP and need for screening in premature babies was observed among the respondents. However, only 135 (58%) pediatricians always referred for ROP screening, 19 (8%) referred only sometimes and 80 (34%) did not refer at all. Consistent referral protocols taking into account all plausible risk factors for ROP were followed by only 25% of those who always referred. Major deterrent in ROP screening was perceived as non-availability of trained ophthalmologists. Conclusions: Only 14.5% of total pediatricians contacted were following international recommendations for ROP referral. Screening for ROP remains dismal as observed in this pilot survey as a consequence of non-availability of trained ophthalmologists as well as inconsistent screening guidelines.
ACCESSION #
67520107

 

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