High risk of intraoperative awareness during cardiopulmonary bypass with isoflurane administration via diffusion membrane oxygenators

Philipp, A; Wiesenack, C; Behr, R; Schmid, FX; Birnbaum, DE
May 2002
Perfusion;May2002, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p175
Academic Journal
In cardiac surgery with the aid of extracorporeal circulation (ECC), inhalation anaesthetics can be administered via the oxygenator. Until the recent advent of a new type of diffusion membrane oxygenator, we routinely added the inhalation agent, isoflurane, to the gas flow of a microporous capillary membrane-type oxygenator. Applying this procedure to the diffusion-type oxygenators, the depth of anaesthesia appeared to be affected, which manifested itself through unusually high intraoperative perfusion pressures. This observation led to a prospective randomized study comprising 60 patients and two models of a microporous capillary membrane oxygenator, as well as two models of a diffusion membrane oxygenator. Simultaneous isoflurane concentration measurements at both the gas inlet and outlet ports of the oxygenators showed that, whereas in the microporous capillary-type oxygenators the isoflurane administered was reduced by about 50% during the passage of gas through the device, there was only a minimal transfer of isoflurane in the diffusion-type membrane oxygenators.


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