Experimental and theoretical study of benzene (acetonitrile)[sub n] clusters, n=1–4

El-Shall, M. Samy; Daly, George M.; Wright, Douglas
June 2002
Journal of Chemical Physics;6/15/2002, Vol. 116 Issue 23, p10253
Academic Journal
Well-resolved spectra of benzene-acetonitrile binary clusters BA[sub n], with n= 1-4 have been obtained by the (one-color) resonant two-photon ionization technique using the benzene's B[sub 2u] →A[sub 1g] 0[sup 0, sub 0] and 61 resonances. The spectra reveal a rapid increase in complexity with the number of acetonitrile molecules in the cluster, associated with van der Waal modes and isomeric forms. While only single cluster origins are found for the benzene-acetonitrile (BA) and the BA[sub 2] clusters, two and four distinct isomers are identified for the BA[sub 3] and BA[sub 4] clusters, respectively. The origins of the BA and BA[sub 2] clusters are blueshifted with respect to the free benzene molecule by 38 cm[sup -1] and 26 cm[sup -1], respectively. Monte Carlo (MC) simulations reveal two types of isomeric structures of the BA[sub n] clusters. The clusters containing an even number of the acetonitrile molecules (BA[sub 2], BA[sub 4], and BA[sub 6]) are dominated by acetonitrile anti-parallel paired dimers. The BA[sub 3] cluster consists of a cyclic acetonitrile trimer parallel to the benzene ring. In the BA[sub 5] clusters, the acetonitrile molecules are assembled in a cyclic trimer + a paired dimer configuration or in two paired dimers + a single monomer structure. The R2PI spectra, in conjunction with the MC structural models and simple energetic arguments, provide a reasonably compelling picture of the spectroscopic and dynamical phenomena associated with dipole pairing molecular cluster systems.


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