TITLE

Gender differences in occupational exposure patterns

AUTHOR(S)
Eng, Amanda; Mannetje, Andrea't; McLean, Dave; Ellison-Loschmann, Lis; Soo Cheng; Pearce, Neil
PUB. DATE
December 2011
SOURCE
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Dec2011, Vol. 68 Issue 12, p888
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objectives The authors conducted a population-based survey to examine gender differences in occupational exposure patterns and to investigate whether any observed differences are due to: (a) gender differences in occupational distribution; and/or (b) gender differences in tasks within occupations. Methods Men and women aged 20e64 years were randomly selected from the Electoral Roll and invited to take part in a telephone interview, which collected information on self-reported occupational exposure to specific dusts and chemicals, physical exposures and organisational factors. The authors used logistic regression to calculate prevalence ORs and 95% CIs comparing the exposure prevalence of males (n-=1431) and females (n=1572), adjusting for age. To investigate whether men and women in the same occupation were equally exposed, the authors also matched males to females on current occupation using the five-digit code (n=1208) and conducted conditional logistic regression adjusting for age. Results Overall, male workers were two to four times more likely to report exposure to dust and chemical substances, loud noise, irregular hours, night shifts and vibrating tools. Women were 30% more likely to report repetitive tasks and working at high speed, and more likely to report exposure to disinfectants, hair dyes and textile dust. When men were compared with women with the same occupation, gender differences were attenuated. However, males remained significantly more likely to report exposure to welding fumes, herbicides, wood dust, solvents, tools that vibrate, irregular hours and night-shift work. Women remained more likely to report repetitive tasks and working at high speed, and in addition were more likely to report awkward or tiring positions compared with men with the same occupation. Conclusion This population-based study showed substantial differences in occupational exposure patterns between men and women, even within the same occupation. Thus, the influence of gender should not be overlooked in occupational health research
ACCESSION #
67417647

 

Related Articles

  • Operator Exposure When Applying Amenity Herbicides by All-Terrain Vehicles and Controlled Droplet Applicators. JOHNSON, P. D.; RIMMER, D. A.; GARROD, A. N. I.; HELPS, J. E.; MAWDSLEY, C. // Annals of Occupational Hygiene;Jan2005, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p25 

    A total of 33 surveys of amenity herbicides took place during 1998–1999. These surveys concentrated on two application methods: all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and controlled droplet applicators (CDAs). The purpose of these surveys was to measure surface deposition and potential inhalation...

  • A cross-sectional study of exposures, lung function and respiratory symptoms among aluminium cast-house workers. Van Rooy, F. G. B. G. J; Houba, R.; Stigter, H.; Zaat, V. A. C.; Zengeni, M. M.; Rooyackers, J. M.; Boers, H. E.; Heederik, D. J. J. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Dec2011, Vol. 68 Issue 12, p876 

    Objectives To investigate exposures, respiratory symptoms, lung function and exposureeresponse relationships among aluminium cast-house workers. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 182 workers. Exposure data were used to model exposure to irritants. Lung function and...

  • Much Ado About Next to Nothing: Incorporating Nondetects in Science. Helsel, Dennis // Annals of Occupational Hygiene;Apr2010, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p257 

    A great many papers and one textbook have been published on the topic of how to incorporate ‘nondetects’, low-level values reported only as below a detection limit, into statistical analyses. This is of interest not only in occupational hygiene but also in environmental sciences and...

  • Case–Control Study on Renal Cell Cancer and Occupational Exposure to Trichloroethylene. Part I: Exposure Assessment. FEVOTTE, JOÉLLE; CHARBOTEL, BARBARA; MULLER-BEAUTE, PHILIPPE; MARTIN, JEAN-LOUIS; HOURS, MARTINE; BERGERET, ALAIN // Annals of Occupational Hygiene;Nov2006, Vol. 50 Issue 8, p765 

    A method for a semi-quantitative retrospective assessment of exposure to trichloroethylene (TCE) was implemented for a case–control study conducted in the Arve valley (France), an area with a widely developed screw-cutting industry, where teams of occupational physicians have collected a...

  • Occupational carcinogen exposure in Canada. Van Tongeren, Martie // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jan2015, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p4 

    The author discusses the cases of occupational carcinogen exposure in Canada's labor sector. He cites the study led by Timo Kauppinen of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in the early 1990s on the prevalence of occupational exposure in the European Union (EU). He also cites the...

  • Tools for Envisioning the Future of Occupational Hygiene. Birkner, Lawrence R.; Birkner, Ruth McIntyre // Occupational Hazards;May2002, Vol. 64 Issue 5, p79 

    Focuses on the tools to envision the future of occupational hygiene. Failure of the Occupational Standard and Health Act to improve health of workers; Importance of Threshold Limit Values to regulatory agencies; Improvement of the competitiveness of the international markets.

  • Lung function testing: methods and reference values for forced expiratory volume (FEV1) and transfer factor (TL) Cotes, J. E.; Chinn, D. J.; Reed, J. W. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jul1997, Vol. 54 Issue 7, p457 

    No abstract available.

  • Risk assessment of occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by means of urinary1-hydroxypyrene. Maina, Giovanni; Manzari, Marco; Palmas, Antonio; Passini, Valter; Filon, Francesca Larese // Toxicology & Industrial Health;2007, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p55 

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons have mutagenic and carcinogenic properties and some of them are classified as probable or possible human carcinogens. Aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxic risk in workers exposed to diesel exaust. Environmental and biological monitoring exposure to...

  • CORRECTIONS.  // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jul2010, Vol. 67 Issue 7, p799 

    Corrections to articles published in previous issues are presented including "Search Strings for the Study of Putative Occupational Determinants of Disease," by S. Mattioli and colleagues, and "Ozone, Heat and Mortality: Acute Effects in 15 British Conurbations," by S. Pattenden and colleagues.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sign out of this library

Other Topics