Horowski, Aleksander
December 2009
Miscellanea Francescana;2009, Vol. 109 Issue 2, p439
Academic Journal
The author examines the concept of spiritual fruit in the writings of the masters of theology (especially Franciscan) at the University of Paris before the time of St. Bonaventure. The term fruit had come to be used in two areas: first, in eschatology where its scriptural basis was an allegorical interpretation of the parable of the sower; and secondly, in the doctrine of grace based on Gal 5, 22-23. The two thoughts were synthesized in the teaching of Alexander of Hales who used the terms fructus in futuro per gloriam and fructus in presenti per gratiam, which he considered to be lasting dispositions (habitus) that render the soul fit for spiritual delight. In time the meaning evolved to refer more to the object of delight or spiritual nourishment.


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