TITLE

The possible 'backfire' effects of hot spots policing: an experimental assessment of impacts on legitimacy, fear and collective efficacy

AUTHOR(S)
Weisburd, David; Hinkle, Joshua; Famega, Christine; Ready, Justin
PUB. DATE
December 2011
SOURCE
Journal of Experimental Criminology;Dec2011, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p297
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objectives: To examine the impacts of broken windows policing at crime hot spots on fear of crime, ratings of police legitimacy and reports of collective efficacy among residents of targeted hot spots. Methods: A block randomized experimental design with a police intervention targeting disorder delivered to 55 treatment street segments with an equal number of segments serving as controls. Main outcomes were measured using a panel survey of 371 persons living or working in these sites. Results: The broken windows police intervention delivered to crime hot spots in this study had no significant impacts on fear of crime, police legitimacy, collective efficacy, or perceptions of crime or social disorder. Perceptions of physical disorder appear to have been modestly increased in the target areas. Conclusions: The findings suggest that recent criticisms of hot spots policing approaches which focus on possible negative 'backfire' effects for residents of the targeted areas may be overstated. The study shows that residents are not aware of, or much affected by, a three hour per week dosage of aggressive order maintenance policing on their blocks (in addition to routine police responses in these areas). Future research needs to replicate these findings focusing on varied target populations and types of crime hot spots, and examining different styles of hot spots policing.
ACCESSION #
67031715

 

Related Articles

  • RESEARCH NOTE: The Frequency of the Fear of Crime. Farrall, Stephen; Gadd, David // British Journal of Criminology;Winter2004, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p127 

    Research exploring the emotional responses to crime experienced by the citizens of several major European and North American countries, including the UK, has suggested that a significant proportion of the residents of these countries 'fear' crime. However, few researchers have explored the...

  • Which Is Bigger--Criminology or Criminal Justice? Hemmens, Craig // ACJS Today;Sep2015, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p21 

    The article offers the author's view regarding the difference of criminology and criminal justice wherein he alleged that criminal justice is a more inclusive, all-encompassing term than criminology.

  • Introduction: Political Philosophy and Criminal Justice. Tadros, Victor // Criminal Law & Philosophy;Jun2013, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p179 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various articles within the issue on topics including political theories on development of criminal justice system, problems in implementation of criminal laws and relationship of political legitimacy with criminal justice.

  • FROM THE EDITOR. Vito, Gennaro F. // American Journal of Criminal Justice;Fall1988, Vol. 13 Issue 1, preceding p1 

    An introduction to this issue of the "American Journal of Criminal Justice," is presented.

  • FROM THE EDITOR. Vito, Gennaro F. // American Journal of Criminal Justice;Spring1989, Vol. 13 Issue 2, preceding p123 

    An introduction to this issue of the "American Journal of Criminal Justice" is presented.

  • Diary. Platt, Steve // New Statesman & Society;3/29/96, Vol. 9 Issue 396, p6 

    Outlines suggestions for dealing with criminality in Great Britain. Criticism of law enforcers' treatment of offenders; Calls for rehabilitation of offenders.

  • ACCREDITATION OF CORRECTIONAL PROGRAMS. Thurber, Arden // ICCA Journal on Community Corrections;Jan2003, preceding p11 

    As a new century begins, many correctional organizations have recognized that if they truly wish to contribute to the safety of the communities they serve they must actively intervene with the offenders with whom they work to reduce the likelihood that those offenders will reoffend. One of the...

  • The changing nature of communities: Implications for police and community policing. Bartkowiak-Théron, Isabelle; Crehan, Anna Corbo // Research & Public Policy Series;Feb2011, Issue 111, p8 

    The article focuses on the implications of the changing nature of communities for police and community policing in Australia. It studies the evolution of communities as social entities and depicts how their changing characteristics have affected on police work. It explores how police have...

  • Reflections on the state of criminology. Radzinowicz, Leon // British Journal of Criminology;Spring94, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p99 

    Presents the speech the author made at the British Criminology Conference in Cardiff, Wales on July 28-31, 1993. Role of the criminologist in public life; Relationship between the Home Office Research Unit and the academic community; Attitude of authorities towards the publication of...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of NEW JERSEY STATE LIBRARY

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics