TITLE

An experimental study of compressed work schedules in policing: advantages and disadvantages of various shift lengths

AUTHOR(S)
Amendola, Karen; Weisburd, David; Hamilton, Edwin; Jones, Greg; Slipka, Meghan
PUB. DATE
December 2011
SOURCE
Journal of Experimental Criminology;Dec2011, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p407
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objectives: The objectives of this research were to test the impacts of three shift lengths (8-, 10-, and 12-hour) on performance, health, safety, quality of life, sleep, fatigue, alertness, off-duty employment, and overtime among police. Methods: This study consisted of a randomized block experimental design. There were 275 participating officers from two large police departments. Data were collected as part of a multi-site clinical trial for which we employed the same protocols in both sites. The blocks included site and time of day of the shift. Unique measures of work performance, safety, and fatigue were collected using laboratory-based simulations collected during the end of the shifts, and self-report instruments were used to capture other outcomes such as health and quality of life. The analysis model we employed was a block randomized ANCOVA in which the pre-test dependent measures served as the covariate. Results: The results indicated that those working 10-hour shifts had a significantly higher quality of work life ( f = .16) and averaged significantly more sleep ( f = .19) than those on 8-hour shifts. Furthermore, those working 8-hour shifts averaged significantly more overtime ( f = .42) than did those assigned to 10- and 12-hour shifts. In addition, officers working 12-hour shifts experienced greater levels of sleepiness ( f = .20) and reported lower levels of alertness ( f = .21) at work than officers on 8-hour shifts. Conclusions: There do not appear to be any significant health, safety, or performance problems associated with compressed work week schedules in policing. Indeed, the implementation of 10-hour shifts may be a viable alternative to traditional 8-hour schedules considering the findings of this study. It is important to note that the benefits associated with 10-hour shifts did not inure to the 12-hour shifts. Although our study did not reveal any significant effects associated with objective measures of fatigue across shifts, the implementation of 12-hour shifts should be done only after careful consideration of some of the potential concerns. Limitations of this study include lack of information regarding the methods and costs associated with implementation of compressed schedules, and the low level of reliability for driving and shooting simulation exercises. Future research should examine the impact of overtime hours on fatigue, safety, and performance, and ways to more effectively regulate hours of work in policing.
ACCESSION #
67031713

 

Related Articles

  • Compressed weeks fill an HR niche. Bencivenga, Dominic // HR Magazine;Jun95, Vol. 40 Issue 6, p71 

    Describes the use of compressed work weeks in companies in the United States. Addition of one work hour from Monday to Saturday; Comparison with flexitime or part-time option; Percentage of companies using compressed work weeks; Implementation; Summer hour users; Cost-savings benefits; Codes.

  • Compressed Workweeks: Strategies for Successful Implementation. Arbon, Chyleen A.; Facer II, Rex L.; Wadsworth, Lori L. // Benefits Magazine;Jan2013, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p45 

    The article focuses on strategies for successfully implementing alternative work schedules, such as the compressed four-day work week.

  • Compressed week helps shiftworkers achieve balance.  // Work-Life Newsbrief & Trend Report;Sep2008, p8 

    The article reports on the 40 studies reviewed by British researchers that explored the work-life balance of shiftworkers, including the health effects of a shift-working lifestyle. The review suggested that a shorter work week may mitigate the detrimental health effects of shiftwork while...

  • NEW EVIDENCE ON THE DETERMINANTS OF ABSENTEEISM USING LINKED EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE DATA. DIONNE, GEORGES; DOSTIE, BENOIT // ILR Review;Oct2007, Vol. 61 Issue 1, p108 

    This paper provides new evidence on the determinants of absenteeism. The authors extend the typical labor-leisure model used to analyze the decision to skip work to include firm-level policy variables relevant to the absenteeism decision and uncertainty about the cost of absenteeism. Estimates...

  • CANADA AND THE 4-DAY WEEK.  // Monthly Labor Review;Jul72, Vol. 95 Issue 7, p42 

    Reports on Canada's four-day workweek. Little or no reduction in total working hours; Variations of the 'compressed' workweek; Labor leaders' opposition to the four-day workweek.

  • WASTE TIME FASTER. Vandersyp, John // New Zealand Management;Aug2002, Vol. 49 Issue 7, p15 

    Discusses the effects of time compression in work. Advantages and disadvantages of e-mail; Factors affected by time compression; Characteristics of a successful company; Effects of the use and abuse of e-mail according to a Health Canada study.

  • Northern Ireland police reject shift change plans.  // Personnel Today;2/6/2007, p3 

    The article reports that the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) is facing a staffing crisis after more than three-quarters of its officers voted against a change in shift patterns. The service is proposing to change its current set-up of 12-hour shifts for four consecutive days to a...

  • Longer days, shorter weeks: Compressed work weeks in policing. Vega, Arturo; Gilbert, Michael J. // Public Personnel Management;Fall97, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p391 

    Presents a case study of a three-day compressed work week implemented by the Bexar County Sheriff's Department, Patrol Division, in San Antonio, Texas in March 1993. Effect on productivity of patrol officers; Impact on attitudinal perceptions held by patrol officers toward their work and...

  • Working long hours and health. Harrington, J. Malcolm // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);6/18/94, Vol. 308 Issue 6944, p1581 

    Examines effect of working long hours on health in Great Britain. Proposal on minimum daily rest period; Right of employee to refuse more than 48 hours of work a week; Studies on claim of poor work performance and output at night.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics