TITLE

Personality, organizational stress, and attitudes toward work as prospective predictors of professional burnout in hospital nurses

AUTHOR(S)
Hudek-Knežević, Jasna; Kalebić Maglica, Barbara; Krapić, Nada
PUB. DATE
August 2011
SOURCE
Croatian Medical Journal;Aug2011, Vol. 52 Issue 4, p538
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aim To examine to what extent personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness), organizational stress, and attitudes toward work and interactions between personality and either organizational stress or attitudes toward work prospectively predict 3 components of burnout. Methods The study was carried out on 118 hospital nurses. Data were analyzed by a set of hierarchical regression analyses, in which personality traits, measures of organizational stress, and attitudes toward work, as well as interactions between personality and either organizational stress or attitudes toward work were included as predictors, while 3 indices of burnout were measured 4 years later as criteria variables. Results Personality traits proved to be significant but weak prospective predictors of burnout and as a group predicted only reduced professional efficacy (R2=0.10), with agreeableness being a single negative predictor. Organizational stress was positive, affective-normative commitment negative predictor, while continuance commitment was not related to any dimension of burnout. We found interactions between neuroticism as well as conscientiousness and organizational stress, measured as role conflict and work overload, on reduced professional efficacy (βNRCWO=-0.30; βcRCWO=-0.26). We also found interactions between neuroticism and affective normative commitment (β=0.24) and between openness and continuance commitment on reduced professional efficacy (β=-0.23), as well as interactions between conscientiousness and continuance commitment on exhaustion. Conclusion Although contextual variables were strong prospective predictors and personality traits weak predictors of burnout, the results suggested the importance of the interaction between personality and contextual variables in predicting burnout.
ACCESSION #
67005140

 

Related Articles

  • BROKEN HEART AS WORK-RELATED ACCIDENT: OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AS A CAUSE OF TAKOTSUBO CARDIOMYOPATHY IN 55-YEAR-OLD FEMALE TEACHER - ROLE OF AUTOMATED FUNCTION IMAGING IN DIAGNOSTIC WORKFLOW. MIELCZAREK, AGNIESZKA; KASPRZAK, JAROSŁAW DAMIAN; MARCINKIEWICZ, ANDRZEJ; KURPESA, MAŁGORZATA; UZNAŃSKA-LOCH, BARBARA; WIERZBOWSKA-DRABIK, KARINA // International Journal of Occupational Medicine & Environmental H;2015, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p1031 

    Takotsubo cardiomiopathy (TTC) (known also as "ampulla cardiomyopathy," "apical ballooning" or "broken heart syndrome") is connected with a temporary systolic left ventricular dysfunction without the culprit coronary lesion. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy was first described in 1990 in Japan after...

  • Cuidarse es productivo. Uribe, Érika // Entrepreneur Mexico;ene2012, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p190 

    No abstract available.

  • Karoushi: Stress-death and the Meaning of Work. Tubbs, Dr. Walter // Journal of Business Ethics;Nov93, Vol. 12 Issue 11, p869 

    The present article is concerned with some of the human factors involved when overtime and overwork become part of the regular and accepted pattern of work, with sometimes tragic results. While the "economic miracle" of Japan can be much admired, it has not been without human cost. Only...

  • Perceived stress as a function of occupation. McLaren, Suzanne; Gollan, Wendy // Psychological Reports;Jun98, Vol. 82 Issue 3, p794 

    Presents a study which compared the perceived stress of 51 correctional officers, 54 male police officers and 99 ambulance officers. Identification of a number of high stress occupations; What is indicated by the results of the study.

  • Survey says 'faking' feelings may bring on nurse burnout. Mullaney, Tim // McKnight's Long-Term Care News;May2014, Vol. 35 Issue 5, p10 

    The article offers information on a study published in a 2014 issue of the periodical "International Journal of Nursing Studies" by researchers including Klaus-Helmut Schmidt which found that nurses who fake emotions are more likely to be absent or experience depression and burnout.

  • NURSES AND MIDWIVES CONTEMPLATE LEAVING THE PROFESSION.  // Australian Nursing & Midwifery Journal;Nov2016, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p7 

    The article discusses the "What Nurses & Midwives Want: Findings from the National Survey on Workplace Climate and Well-being" survey by Monash University Business School which reveals that a third of Australian nurses and midwives are planning to leave the profession. Topics include the general...

  • Emotional Exhaustion in a High Stress Organization. Gaines, Jeannie; Jermier, John M. // Academy of Management Journal;Dec83, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p567 

    This study develops the concept of emotional exhaustion, an extremely affective and chronic type of work-related strain. Sources of emotional exhaustion were investigated in a police organization that was struggling with major changes. The findings suggest that emotional exhaustion is partially...

  • Emotional Exhaustion in a High Stress Organization. Gaines, Jeannie; Jermier, John M. // Academy of Management Journal;Dec1983, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p567 

    This study develops the concept of emotional exhaustion, an extremely affective and chronic type of work-related strain. Sources of emotional exhaustion were investigated in a police organization that was struggling with major changes. The findings suggest that emotional exhaustion is partially...

  • THE ELECTION THAT GOT AWAY. Koenig, Louis W. // American Heritage;Oct1960, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p4 

    The article examines the inconsistencies of the American constitution relative to presidential elections. The constitution establishes the electoral college system to govern the presidential elections. The presidential contest of 1876, between Republican Governor Rutherford B. Hayes of Ohio and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics