TITLE

Disorder of extreme stress not otherwise specified (DESNOS) in Croatian war veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: case-control study

AUTHOR(S)
Nemčić-Moro, Iva; Frančišković, Tanja; Britvić, Dolores; Klarić, Miro; Zečević, Iva
PUB. DATE
August 2011
SOURCE
Croatian Medical Journal;Aug2011, Vol. 52 Issue 4, p505
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aim To determine the presence of disorder of extreme stress not otherwise specified (DESNOS) in Croatian war veterans who suffer from combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods The research included 247 veterans of the 1991-1995 war in Croatia who suffered from PTSD and were psychiatrically examined at four clinical centers in Croatia during a month in 2008. It was based on the following self-assessment instruments: The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ): Croatian Version, the Structured Interview for Disorder of Extreme Stress (SIDES-SR), and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Results Based on the SIDES-SR results, we formed two groups of participants: the group with PTSD (N=140) and the group with both PTSD and DESNOS (N=107). Forty three percent of participants met the criteria for DESNOS. There was a significant difference in the intensity of posttraumatic symptoms between the group with both PTSD and DESNOS and the group with PTSD only (U=3733.5, P=0.001). Respondents who suffered from both PTSD and DESNOS also reported a significantly larger number of comorbid mental disorders (U=1123.5, P=0.049) and twice more frequently reported comorbid depression with melancholic features (OR=2.109, P=0.043), social phobia (OR=2.137, P=0.036), or panic disorder (OR=2.208, P=0.015). Conclusion Our results demonstrate that PTSD and DESNOS can occur in comorbidity, which is in contrast with the ICD-10 criteria. A greater intensity of symptoms and a more frequent comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders, especially depression, panic disorder, and social phobia require additional therapy interventions in the treatment processes.
ACCESSION #
67005136

 

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