TITLE

Two-fluid electromagnetic simulations of plasma-jet acceleration with detailed equation-of-state

AUTHOR(S)
Thoma, C.; Welch, D. R.; Clark, R. E.; Bruner, N.; MacFarlane, J. J.; Golovkin, I. E.
PUB. DATE
October 2011
SOURCE
Physics of Plasmas;Oct2011, Vol. 18 Issue 10, p103507
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We describe a new particle-based two-fluid fully electromagnetic algorithm suitable for modeling high density (ni ∼ 1017 cm-3) and high Mach number laboratory plasma jets. In this parameter regime, traditional particle-in-cell (PIC) techniques are challenging due to electron timescale and lengthscale constraints. In this new approach, an implicit field solve allows the use of large timesteps while an Eulerian particle remap procedure allows simulations to be run with very few particles per cell. Hall physics and charge separation effects are included self-consistently. A detailed equation of state (EOS) model is used to evolve the ion charge state and introduce non-ideal gas behavior. Electron cooling due to radiation emission is included in the model as well. We demonstrate the use of these new algorithms in 1D and 2D Cartesian simulations of railgun (parallel plate) jet accelerators using He and Ar gases. The inclusion of EOS and radiation physics reduces the electron temperature, resulting in higher calculated jet Mach numbers in the simulations. We also introduce a surface physics model for jet accelerators in which a frictional drag along the walls leads to axial spreading of the emerging jet. The simulations demonstrate that high Mach number jets can be produced by railgun accelerators for a variety of applications, including high energy density physics experiments.
ACCESSION #
66903270

 

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