Chaotrope vs. kosmotrope: Which one has lower friction?

He, Yi; Shao, Qing; Chen, Shengfu; Jiang, Shaoyi
October 2011
Journal of Chemical Physics;10/21/2011, Vol. 135 Issue 15, p154702
Academic Journal
We examine the frictional properties of zwitterionic surfaces and explore whether chaotropic or kosmotropic charged groups are preferred to achieve lower friction. Self-assembled monolayers of carboxybetaine (CB-SAMs) and sulfurbetaine (SB-SAMs) are used as model surfaces as they contain the same positively charged group, but different negatively charged ones. The negatively charged groups are kosmotropic carboxylates in the CB-SAM surfaces and chaotropic sulfonate groups in the SB-SAM surfaces, respectively. The results show that the friction of the SB-SAM surfaces is even lower than that of the CB-SAM surfaces although both surfaces have low friction. This suggests that chaotropic charged groups are better in reducing friction than kosmotropic groups. The lower friction of the SB-SAM surfaces over the CB-SAM can be explained by the higher mobility of water near the SB-SAM surfaces, as shown in the survival autocorrelation function and the dipole autocorrelation function of hydration water molecules.


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