TITLE

Sustained Attention in Children With Primary Language Impairment: A Meta-Analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Ebert, Kerry Danahy; Kohnert, Kathryn
PUB. DATE
October 2011
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2011, Vol. 54 Issue 5, p1372
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: This study provides a meta-analysis of the difference between children with primary or specific language impairment (LI) and their typically developing peers on tasks of sustained attention. The meta-analysis seeks to determine whether children with LI demonstrate subclinical deficits in sustained attention and, if so, under what conditions. Method: Articles that reported empirical data from the performance of children with LI, in comparison to typically developing peers, on a task assessing sustained attention were considered for inclusion. Twenty-eight effect sizes were included in the meta-analysis. Two moderator analyses addressed the effects of stimulus modality and attention-deficit/hypereactivity disorder exclusion. In addition, reaction time outcomes and the effects of task variables were summarized qualitatively. Results: The meta-analysis supports the existence of sustained attention deficits in children with LI in both auditory and visual modalities, as demonstrated by reduced accuracy compared with typically developing peers. Larger effect sizes are found in tasks that use auditory-linguistic stimuli than in studies that use visual stimuli. Conclusions: Future research should consider the role that sustained attention weaknesses play in LI as well as the implications for clinical and research assessment tasks. Methodological recommendations are summarized.
ACCESSION #
66487614

 

Related Articles

  • Reading Achievement in Relation to Phonological Coding and Awareness in Deaf Readers: A Meta-analysis. Mayberry, Rachel I.; Del Giudice, Alex A.; Lieberman, Amy M. // Journal of Deaf Studies & Deaf Education;Spring2011, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p164 

    The relation between reading ability and phonological coding and awareness (PCA) skills in individuals who are severely and profoundly deaf was investigated with a meta-analysis. From an initial set of 230 relevant publications, 57 studies were analyzed that experimentally tested PCA skills in...

  • Economic impact of childhood/adolescent ADHD in a European setting: the Netherlands as a reference case. Le, Hoa; Hodgkins, Paul; Postma, Maarten; Kahle, Jennifer; Sikirica, Vanja; Setyawan, Juliana; Erder, M.; Doshi, Jalpa // European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry;Jul2014, Vol. 23 Issue 7, p587 

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent psychiatric disorder in children/adolescents. This study reviews available European-based studies of ADHD-related costs and applies the findings to the Netherlands to estimate annual national costs for children/adolescents...

  • Correlates of children's time-specific physical activity: A review of the literature. Stanley, Rebecca M.; Ridley, Kate; Dollman, James // International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activit;2012, Vol. 9, p50 

    Assessment of correlates of physical activity occurring at different times of the day, locations and contexts, is imperative to understanding children's physical activity behaviour. The purpose of this review was to identify the correlates of children's physical activity (aged 8-14 years)...

  • Voxel-wise meta-analyses of brain blood flow and local synchrony abnormalities in medication-free patients with major depressive disorder. Zi-Qi Chen; Ming-Ying Du; You-Jin Zhao; Xiao-Qi Huang; Jing Li; Su Lui; Jun-Mei Hu; Huai-Qiang Sun; Jia Liu; Kemp, Graham J.; Qi-Yong Gong // Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience;Nov2015, Vol. 40 Issue 6, p401 

    Background: Published meta-analyses of resting-state regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) have included patients receiving antidepressants, which might affect brain activity and thus bias the results. To our knowledge, no meta-analysis has investigated...

  • The Use of Theoretical Models in Psychology Supervisor Development Research From 1994 to 2010: A Systematic Review. Barker, Keegan K.; Hunsley, John // Canadian Psychology;Aug2013, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p176 

    Training in supervision is becoming an increasingly important component of professional psychology programs. To assist students in developing supervisory competencies, knowledge of relevant research and effective training methods is required and, ideally, such knowledge should be derived from an...

  • THE IMPACT OF BEHAVIOURAL PARENT TRAINING ON FATHERS' PARENTING: A META-ANALYSIS OF THE TRIPLE P-POSITIVE PARENTING PROGRAM. Fletcher, Richard; Freeman, Emily; Matthey, Stephen // Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research & Practice about Men as;Fall2011, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p291 

    Behavioural parent training programs have been developed to address child behaviour problems through improvement in parenting practices. Ideally, programs would demonstrate effectiveness with all parents. The Triple P-Positive Parenting Program is widely reported as an effective, evidence-based...

  • A Synthesis of Read-Aloud Interventions on Early Reading Outcomes Among Preschool Through Third Graders at Risk for Reading Difficulties. Swanson, Elizabeth; Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne; Petscher, Yaacov; Heckert, Jennifer; Cavanaugh, Christie; Kraft, Guliz; Tackett, Kathryn // Journal of Learning Disabilities;5/1/2011, Vol. 44 Issue 3, p258 

    A synthesis and meta-analysis of the extant research on the effects of storybook read-aloud interventions for children at risk for reading difficulties ages 3 to 8 is provided. A total of 29 studies met criteria for the synthesis, with 18 studies providing sufficient data for inclusion in the...

  • A Synthesis and Meta-Analysis of Reading Interventions Using Social Studies Content for Students With Learning Disabilities. Swanson, Elizabeth; Hairrell, Angela; Kent, Shawn; Ciullo, Stephen; Wanzek, Jeanne A.; Vaughn, Sharon // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Mar2014, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p178 

    A synthesis and meta-analysis of the extant research on the effects of reading interventions delivered using social studies content for students with learning disabilities in kindergarten through Grade 12 is provided. A total of 27 studies met criteria for the synthesis, with 16 studies...

  • A Meta-Analysis of Cross Sectional Studies Investigating Language in Maltreated Children. Lum, Jarrad A. G.; Powell, Martine; Timms, Lydia; Snow, Pamela // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2015, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p961 

    Purpose: In this review article, meta-analysis was used to summarize research investigating language skills in maltreated children. Method: A systematic search of published studies was undertaken. Studies were included in the meta-analysis if they investigated language skills in groups...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics