Individual-level factors associated with intentions to quit smoking among adult smokers in six cities of China: findings from the ITC China Survey

Feng, Guoze; Jiang, Yuan; Li, Qiang; Yong, Hua-Hie; Elton-Marshall, Tara; Yang, Jilan; Li, Lin; Sansone, Natalie; Fong, Geoffrey T
October 2010
Tobacco Control;Oct2010 Supp, Vol. 19, pi6
Academic Journal
Background Over 350 million smokers live in China, and this represents nearly one-third of the smoking population of the world. Smoking cessation is critically needed to help reduce the harms and burden caused by smoking-related diseases. It is therefore important to identify the determinants of quitting and of quit intentions among smokers in China. Such knowledge would have potential to guide future tobacco control policies and programs that could increase quit rates in China. Objective To identify the correlates of intentions to quit smoking among a representative sample of adult smokers in six cities in China. Methods Data from wave 1 (2006) of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation Project China Survey, a face-to-face survey of adult Chinese smokers in six cities: Beijing, Shenyang, Shanghai, Changsha, Guangzhou and Yinchuan, was analysed. Households were sampled using a stratified multistage design. About 800 smokers were surveyed in each selected city (total n=4815). Results Past quit attempts, duration of past attempts, Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI), outcome expectancy of quitting, worry about future health and overall opinion of smoking were found to be independently associated with intentions to quit smoking, but demographic characteristics were not. Conclusions The determinants of quit intentions among smokers in China are fairly similar to those found among smokers in Western countries, despite the fact that interest in quitting is considerably lower among Chinese smokers. Identifying the determinants of quit intentions provides possibilities for shaping effective policies and programs for increasing quitting among smokers in China.


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